Skip to main content

Table 3 Factors associated with awareness of DM complications among DM patients at Addis Zemen Hospital, Ethiopia

From: Awareness of complications of diabetes mellitus and its associated factors among type 2 diabetic patients at Addis Zemen District Hospital, northwest Ethiopia

Variable Knowledge status (n = 402) OR (95% CI)
Poor N (%) Good N (%) COR AOR
Sex
 Male 64 (36.2) 113 (63.8) 3.08 (2.04, 4.64) 4.67 (2.53, 8.61)***
 Female 143 (63.6) 82 (36.4) 1 1
Age
 18–30 100 (74.6) 34 (25.4) 1 1
 31–45 59 (50.0) 59 (50.0) 2.94 (1.73, 5.00) 7.30 (3.10, 17.17)***
 46–70 48 (32.0) 102 (68.0) 6.25 (3.72, 10.49) 15.02 (6.11, 36.92)***
Level of education
 Cannot write and 80 (74.1) 28 (45.5) 1 1
 Read and write 75 (49.0) 78 (51.0) 2.97 (1.74, 5.07) 3.793 (1.78, 8.06)**
 1–8 20 (40.0) 30 (60.0) 4.29 (2.11, 8.73) 9.59 (3.26, 28.18)***
 High school 32 (35.2) 59 (59) 5.27 (2.86, 9.68) 7.46 (3.02, 18.44)***
Occupation
 Farmer 55 (64.7) 30 (35.3) 1 1
 Government worker 15 (32.6) 31 (67.4) 3.79 (1.77, 8.10) 0.96 (0.31, 2.95)
 Merchant 47 (45.2) 57 (54.8) 2.22 (1.23, 4.01) 0.72 (0.29, 1.81)
 House wife 43 (55.8) 34 (44.2) 1.45 (0.78, 2.73) 2.93 (1.13, 7.56)
 NGO worker 47 (52.2) 43 (47.8) 1.68 (0.91, 3.08) 7.24 (2.68, 19.53)***
Residence
 Rural 99 (62.3) 60 (37.7) 1 1
 Urban 108 (44.4) 135 (55.6) 2.06 (1.37, 3.10) 1.76 (0.13, 3.11)
Duration of DM
 < 5 152 (56.3) 118 (43.7) 1 1
 5–10 41 (44.1) 52 (55.9) 1.63 (1.05, 2.63) 0.89 (0.36, 2.22)
 > 10 14 (35.9) 25 (64.1) 2.30 (1.15, 4.62) 1.25 (0.47, 3.29)
Family history of DM
 Yes 19 (16.1) 99 (83.9) 10.20 (5.89, 17.67) 5.55 (2.53, 12.20)***
 No 188 (66.2) 96 (33.8) 1 1
Income
 < 500 93 (68.4) 43 (31.6) 1 1
 501–1000 44 (64.7) 24 (35.3) 1.18 (0.64, 2.18) 1.85 (0.75, 4.57)
 1001–1500 42 (48.8) 44 (51.2) 2.27 (1.30, 3.95) 3.22 (1.28, 8.10)*
 1501–2500 21 (25.6) 61 (74.4) 6.28 (3.40, 11.60) 11.73 (4.32, 31.81)***
 > 2500 7 (23.3) 23 (76.7) 7.11 (2.83, 17.83) 7.18 (1.72, 30.28)**
  1. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, DM diabetes mellitus, N number
  2. * p-value < 0.05, ** p-value < 0.01, *** p-value < 0.001, 1 = references