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Table 3 Medications used by pregnant women at different trimesters and their US FDA pregnancy risk category in KGH, Northeast Ethiopia from January 1, 2018–December 31, 2018

From: Prescription drug use and potential teratogenicity risk among pregnant women attending maternal and child health clinic of Kemisse General Hospital, Northeast, Ethiopia

Class of drugs Drug name 1st trimester frequency 2nd trimester frequency 3rd trimester frequency Total frequency FDA risk category
Antibiotics Amoxicillin 5 3 2 10 B
Ceftriaxone 2 5 2 9 B
Cephalexin 1 2 2 5 B
Amoxicillin/clavulinic 3 1 2 6 B
Ampicillin 3 2 0 5 B
Supplements Iron 20 80 78 178 A
Folic acid 67 32 20 119 A
Analgesics Paracetamol 9 5 3 17 B
Diclofenac 0 0 5 5 D
Ibuprofen 0 2 0 2 D
Tramadol 0 1 0 1 C
GI drugs Plasil 11 2 1 14 B
Omeprazole 0 10 0 10 C
Cimetidine 0 2 0 2 B
Other antimicrobials Coartem 0 0 1 1 C
Clotrimazole 3 1 4 8 B
Mebendazole 0 2 12 14 C
Metronidazole 0 4 4 8 C
DM drugs Insulin 1 2 0 3 B
ART drugs AZT/3TC/NVP 0 1 2 3 B
Iv fluids N/S, R/L 0 5 5 10 C
  Total 125 162 143 430