Skip to main content

Table 3 Factors associated with neonatal sepsis among neonates admitted in NICU of UoGCSH from January to December 2017, northwest Ethiopia (n = 504)

From: The role of the season at admission in neonatal sepsis: a retrospective chart review of a 1-year data at University of Gondar comprehensive specialized hospital

Variables Neonatal sepsis (overall sepsis) AOR (95% CI) Neonatal sepsis (EONS) AOR (95% CI)
Yes No Yes No
Had ANC
 Yes 306 179 1 287 198 1
 No 15 4 1.44 (0.42, 4.93) 13 6 0.94 (0.30, 2.94)
History of APH
 Yes 27 6 1.79 (0.64, 5.01) 26 7 1.49 (0.56, 3.96)
 No 294 177 1 274 197 1
Maternal fever during labor
 Yes 19 1 8.64 (1.06, 70.4) 19 1 10.86 (1.35, 87.7)
 No 302 182 1 281 203 1
Duration of labor
 Zero h 25 22 1 25 22 1
 1–12 h 188 116 1.08 (0.47, 2.49) 172 132 0.96 (0.41, 2.26)
 > 12 h 108 45 2.19 (0.87, 5.51) 103 50 1.94 (0.76, 4.94)
Place of birth
 Home 16 3 3.90 (0.96, 15.79) 11 8 1.36 (0.43, 4.33)
 Health center 87 29 1.78 (0.94, 3.38) 289 196 1.69 (0.89, 3.22)
 Hospital 218 151 1    1
Season of birth
 Sep–Nov 85 34 2.18 (1.67, 4.05) 77 42 1.89 (1.02, 3.51)
 Dec–Feb 74 47 0.92 (0.50, 1.68) 71 50 0.93 (0.51, 1.72)
 Mar–May 93 57 1.31 (0.74, 2.32) 86 64 1.26 (0.71, 2.25)
 Jun–Aug 69 45 1 66 48 1
Mode of delivery
 Spontanous vaginal delivery 231 93 2.14 (1.21, 3.77) 213 111 2.22 (1.24, 4.32)
 Cesarean delivery 69 75 1 66 78 1
 Instrument-assisted delivery 21 15 1.27 (0.53, 3.06) 21 15 1.52 (0.62, 3.71)
Gestational age at birth
 Preterm (< 37 weeks) 168 41 4.03 (2.43, 6.71) 165 44 5.03 (3.04, 8.32)
 Term (37–41 weeks) 133 129 1 115 146 1
 Post-term (≥ 42 weeks) 21 13 1.59 (0.69, 3.61) 20 14 1.65 (0.72, 3.80)
Did the baby cry at birth
 Yes 231 159 1 210 180 1
 No 90 24 1.33 (0.49, 3.55) 90 24 1.84 (0.69, 4.88)
5th minute APGAR score
 Unknown 102 60 0.77 (0.43, 1.36) 83 79 0.50 (0.28, 0.90)
 < 7 54 15 1.68 (0.75, 3.77) 54 15 1.47 (0.65, 3.30)
 ≥ 7 165 108 1 163 110 1
Bag and mask ventilated at birth
 Yes 103 26 1.91 (0.76, 4.78) 103 26 1.79 (0.73, 4.44)
 No 218 157 1 197 178 1