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Table 1 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression results for factors associated with maternal management outcome of caesarean delivery at Ayder Specialized Comprehensive Hospital, from September 8, 2014 to September 8, 2017, (n = 338)

From: Maternal and fetal outcomes of cesarean delivery and factors associated with its unfavorable management outcomes; in Ayder Specialized Comprehensive Hospital, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2017

Independent variables Number (%) Unfavorable management outcome no (%) Favorable management outcome no (%) COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Referral status
 Yes 229 (67.8%) 74 (21.9%) 155 (45.6%) 1.6 (0.9, 2.7)  
 No 109 (32.2%) 25 (7.4%) 84 (24.9%) 1 1
ANC booking status
 Booked 320 (94.7%) 85 (25.1%) 235 (69.5%) 1 1
 Un booked 18 (5.3%) 14 (4.1) 4 (1.1%) 9.6 (3.1, 30.2) 9.6 (3.1, 38.9)***
Residency
 Urban 196 (57.9%) 47 (13.9%) 149 (44.1%) 1 1
 Rural 142 (42%) 52 (15.4%) 90 (26.6%) 1.83 (1.1, 2.9)  
Gestational age in weeks
 28–37 142 (42%) 52 (15.4%) 90 (26.6%) 0.6 (0.4, 0.9)  
 37–42 193 (57.1%) 45 (13.3%) 148 (43.8%) 0.3 (0.26, 3.3)  
 ≥ 42 3 (0.9%) 2 (0.6%) 1 (0.3%) 1 1
Presence of previous CS
 Yes 85 (25.1%) 39 (11.5%) 46 (13.6%) 1 1
 No 253 (74.9%) 60 (17.8%) 193 (57.1%) 0.4 (0.2, 0.6) 0.43 (0.2, 0.9)***
Medical and obstetric conditions
 Yes 73 (21.6%) 32 (9.5%) 41 (12.1%) 0.43 (0.3, 0.7)  
 No 265 (78.4%) 67 (19.8%) 198 (58.6%) 1 1
Indications of EMRCS
 CPD 56 (16.6%) 10 (2.96%) 46 (13.6%) 0.26 (0.1, 0.8)  
 NRFHP 86 (25.4%) 12 (3.6%) 74 (21.9%) 0.2 (0.1, 0.6)  
 Obstructed labor 20 (5.9%) 15 (4.4) 5 (1.8%) 3.6 (0.95, 14.02)  
 Malpresentations 12 (3.6%) 2 (0.6) 10 (2.97%) 1 1
  1. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. *** Significant variable in multivariate