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Table 1 Relation of dietary and non-dietary factors with anemia (weighted n = 2902)

From: The contribution of dietary and non-dietary factors to socioeconomic inequality in childhood anemia in Ethiopia: a regression-based decomposition analysis

Variables Frequency (%) Anemia prevalence (95% CI) P-value*
Wealth category
 Poorest 34 85 (83–87) < 0.001
 Poorer 17 72 (68–76)
 Middle 16 68 (68–76)
 Richer 13 69 (64–74)
 Richest 20 65 (61–70)
Early initiation of breastfeeding
 No 13 73 (68–79) 0.522
 Yes 87 73 (71–75)
Exclusive breastfeeding
 No 42 78 (73–83) < 0.001
 Yes 58 69 (66–72)
Current breastfeeding
 No 89 75 (73–78) 0.609
 Yes 11 74 (69–78)
Dietary diversity
 No 85 75 (74–77) < 0.001
 Yes 15 65 (61–70)
Meal frequency
 No 56 73 (71–76) 0.012
 Yes 44 66 (62–70)
Child sex
 Boy 49 75 (73–78) 0.059
 Girl 51 73 (70–75)
Child age
 < 12 months 34 78 (75–81) < 0.001
 12–23 months 66 72 (70–74)
Birth size
 Small 28 80 (78–83) < 0.001
 Average 43 71 (69–74)
 Large 29 72 (69–75)
Residence place
 Urban 19 67 (63–71) < 0.001
 Rural 81 76 (74–77)
Caregivers education status
 Illiterate 60 76 (74–79) < 0.001
 Primary 28 74 (70–77)
 Secondary+ 12 63 (57–68)
Water source
 Not improved 43 71 (68–75) 0.106
 Improved 57 74 (71–77)
Toilet facility
 Not improved 83 75 (73–77) 0.005
 Improved 17 69 (65–73)
Household size
 < 4 14 76 (71–80) 0.109
 4–8 74 73 (71–75)
 > 8 12 78 (74–83)
Residence place
 Urban 19 67 (63–71) < 0.001
 Rural 81 76 (74–77)
  1. CI confidence interval
  2. *P-value: based on Chi-square test of association