Skip to main content

Table 2 Contribution of dietary and non-dietary factors to anemia prevalence between the richest and the poorest

From: The contribution of dietary and non-dietary factors to socioeconomic inequality in childhood anemia in Ethiopia: a regression-based decomposition analysis

Variable Difference due to characteristics (E) Difference due to coefficients (C)
Coefficient %a P-value Coefficient % P-value
Dietary factors
 Early initiation of breastfeeding 0.002 0.99 0.516 0.212 104.96 0.046
 Exclusive breastfeeding − 0.024 − 11.88 0.009 0.016 7.92 0.009
 Current breastfeeding − 0.011 − 5.50 0.003 − 0.104 − 51.48 0.003
 Dietary diversity 0.033 15.84 0.027 − 0.003 − 1.49 0.893
 Meal frequency 0.014 6.98 0.041 0.04 19.80 0.303
Non-dietary factors
 Water source 0.004 1.98 0.647 0.088 43.56 0.019
 Toilet facility 0.005 2.48 0.858 0.003 1.49 0.822
 Birth size 0.005 2.48 0.039 − 0.073 − 36.14 0.021
 Mother education 0.057 27.72 0.007 0.012 5.94 0.725
 Residence place 0.034 16.83 0.016 − 0.148 − 73.27 0.017
 Constant     0.04 19.80 < 0.001
Total 0.119 58.91 < 0.001 0.083 41.09 0.003
  1. aPercent out of the total gap between the richest and poorest wealth groups