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Table 2 Research protocol summary

From: Initial loss to follow up among tuberculosis patients: the role of Ward-Based Outreach Teams and short message service (SMS) technology (research proposal)

ObjectiveStudy designStudy population, sample and sample sizeData collection tools/methodMain outcome variables/constructData analysis technique
To determine reasons for initial LTFU from the perspective of service providersIn-depth interviewsTB Program Managers/WBOT Managers (min 6)Structured interview guideKnowledge of the TB program; reasons for initial LTFUThematic analysis
To understand the nature of the work of WBOTs (spread, their reach, potential limitations they foresee with TB follow up work)In-depth interviews/Focus group discussionWBOT members from facilities with functional WBOTs (min 4)Structured interview guideKnowledge of the work of the WBOTsThematic analysis
To determine the effectiveness of WBOTs in reducing initial LTFU among TB patientsRandomized controlled trialPatients testing for TB
TB positive patients (312)
Data from TB case identification register and from TB treatment initiation registers to a study data abstraction formTreatment initiation within 4 weeks of submitting sputum for diagnosisDescriptive analysis
Chi square statistics regression analysis (cox and multinomial)
To determine the effectiveness of SMS technology in reducing initial LTFU among TB patientsRandomized controlled trialPatients testing for TB
TB positive patients (312)
Data from TB case identification register and from TB treatment initiation registers to a study data abstraction formTreatment initiation within 4 weeks of submitting sputum for diagnosisDescriptive analysis
Chi square statistics regression analysis (cox and multinomial)
To describe the implementation process of distribution of paper note and SMS reminders to patients testing for TB from the perspectives of TB patients and of WBOTsDescriptive case studyTB patients (min 6)
WBOTs (min 6)
In-depth interviewsPerceptions of TB patients and those of WBOTs of the process of distribution of reminder messagesThematic analysis