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Table 1 Socio-demographic and medical characteristics of the respondents by NHIS enrollment

From: Predictors of enrollment in a health protection scheme among informal sector workers in Kumasi Metropolis of Ghana

VariableCategoryEnrollment in NHIS (n = 350)p-value
YesNoTotal
n = 61%(100)n = 289%N = 350%
Type of enterpriseWelding3455.718664.422062.90.205
Fish processing2744.310335.613037.1 
Type of respondentMaster3354.111138.414441.10.027*
Apprentice1118.09934.311031.4 
Employee1727.97927.39627.4 
GenderMale3455.718664.422062.90.205
Female2744.310335.613037.1 
Age (years)49 or below1423.010737.012134.60.065
 50 or above4777.018263.022965.4 
Educational attainmentNo formal education1524.65017.36518.6 
Basic education813.17124.67922.60.096
Secondary education3455.713546.716948.3 
Tertiary46.63311.43710.6 
Marital statusMarried4167.215252.619355.10.037*
Single2032.813747.415744.9 
ReligionChristian5386.927193.832492.60.010*
Non-Christian (Islam/traditionalist/no religion)813.1186.2267.4 
Work experience (years)Below 269.8144.8205.7 
2–469.855196117.4 
5–758.26321.86819.4 
8–10914.85820.16719.10.003*
11–1346.6175.9216.0 
Above 133150.88228.411332.3 
Total income/allowance per month (GH¢)< 10005488.526892.732292.0 
1000 or above711.5217.3288.00.198
Membership of workers associationYes2134.45017.37120.30.003*
No4065.623982.727979.7 
Exposure to biological hazards at the work placeYes6110028799.334899.40.515
No00.020.720.6 
Exposure to welding lightYes3252.518463.721661.70.102
No2947.510536.313438.3 
Exposure to electrical hazards?Yes2779.411561.814264.50.049*
No720.67138.27835.5 
Exposure to fire hazardsYes611002869934799.10.424
No00.031.030.9 
Did you experience an occupational accident which led to an injury in the year 2016?Yes2439.311238.813638.90.932
No3760.717761.221461.1 
Did you suffer from occupational diseases in the year 2016?Yes5082.016256.121260.60.001*
No1118.012743.913839.4 
  1. * p-value is significant at 0.05 or less