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Table 3 Determinates of late ANC of pregnant mother attending first visit for ANC at Eastern Zone of Tigray. North Ethiopia, 2019

From: Determinants of late antenatal care follow up among pregnant women in Easter zone Tigray, Northern Ethiopia, 2018: unmatched case–control study

S. noVariablesCharacteristicsControlsCasesCORAORp value
1.Husband occupationG. employed33 (16.6)31 (15.6)1.036 (0.06, 0.912)1.4789 (0.334, 6.583)0.606
NGO and students17 (8.5)9 (4.5)1.143 (.024, 0.83)4.682 (0.220, 9.405)0.323
Farmer34 (17.1)41 (20.6)1.301 (0.079, 1.156)1.876 (0.491, 7.161)0.357
Merchant51 (25.6)49 (24.6)0.94 (0.064, 0.903)1.203 (0.324, 4.460)0.783
Private employed51 (20.7)53 (26.5)1.234 (0.063, 0.87)1.532 (0.756, 3.425)0.345
Daily laborer13 (6.5)16 (8.2)11 
2Residenceurban124 (62.3)90 (45.2)11 
Rural75 (37.7)109 (54.8)1.984 (1.329, 2.961)1.697 (0.368, 1.318)0.267
3Current pregnancy statusPlanned145 (72.9) 95 (47.7)1  
Unplanned54 (27.1)104 (52.3)2.940 (1.935, 4.466)4.036 (1.560, 5.6710.001
5Time of previous ANC follow up (n = 247)Before or 16 weeks65 (61.3)37 (26.8)1  
After 16 weeks31 (29.2)71 (51.4)4.024 (2.244, 7.214)3.904 (1.982, 7.6880.001
I did n’t remember10 (9.4)30 (21.7)5.270 (2.317, 11.986)2.892 (1.165, 7.159)0.022
6Partner encourage for ANC visitYes160 (80.4)127 (63.8)1  
No39 (19.6)72 (36.2)2.294 (1455, 3.614)1.232 (1.051, 4.675)0.047
7Experience of danger signsYes52 (44.8)45 (29)1  
No64 (55.2)110 (71)1.986 (1.200, 2.792)  
8HF provided for pr pxPrivet22 (11.1)26 (13.1)1.405 (0.187, 0.880)4.036 (1.381, 11.791)0.061
NGO24 (12.1)10 (5)1.060 (0.573, 1.9560)1.649 (0.189, 2.265)0.498
Governmental153 (76.9)163 (81.9)11 
 Total no of birthsOnly one67 (49.3)58 (35.6)1  
2–4 births54 (39.7)79 (48.5)1.690 (1.032, 2.768)1.145 (1.033, 3.708)0.022
5 and more births15 (11)26 (16)2.002 (0.969, 4.139)1.003 (0.296, 3.403)0.987
9Time of recognize being pregnant1–2 months126 (63.3)59 (29.6)11 
≥ 3 months73 (36.7)140 (70.4)4.166 (2.736, 6344)4.75 (2.495, 9.042)0.001
10Distance to nearest HF< 60 min159 (79.9)140 (70.4)0.454 (0.239, 0.866)1.058 (0.336, 3.392)0.924
60–120 min24 (12.1)28 (14.1)0.602 (0.267, 1.358)0.571 (0.151, 2.152)0.408
> 120 min16 (8)31 (15.6)11 
11Adequate time provided for previous pregnancyYes161 (80.9)150 (75.4)0.327 (0. 148, 0.720)0.461 (0.342, 0.875)0.034
No38 (19.1)49 (24.6)11