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Table 3 Factors associated with overweight among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at Mekelle public hospitals, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Magnitude of overweight and associated factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at Mekelle public hospitals, Tigray, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

VariableCategoryOverweightCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)p value
NoYes
Age25–3421 (9.7)9 (6)11 
35–4461 (28.2)10 (6.7)0.4 (0.14, 1.07)0.7 (0.18, 2.97)0.658
45–5583 (38.4)50 (33.6)1.4 (0.6, 3.31)1.4 (0.41, 5.05)0.573
> 55 years51 (23.6)80 (53.7)3.66 (1.55–8.61)3.5 (0.9, 12.3)0.051
Residence areaRural66 (30.6)11 (7.4)11 
Urban**150 (69.4)138 (92.6)5.52 (2.8, 10.9)3.4 (1.26, 9.4)0.016
Alcohol drinkYes**68 (31.5)93 (62.4)3.61 (2.33–5.6)2.9 (1.5, 5.5)0.001
No148 (68.5)56 (37.6)11 
Alcohol drink frequency7 days/week6 (2.8%)11 (7.4)4.7 (1.67, 13.38)1.2 (0.02, 15)0.932
5–6 days/week10 (4.6%)16 (10.7)4.1 (1.76, 9.62)0.2 (0.006, 8.03)0.414
1–4 days/week17 (7.9)23 (15.4)3.4 (1.73, 7.00)0.3 (0.01, 10.12)0.518
1 day/week35 (16.2)42 (28.2)3 (1.79, 5.32)0.2 (0.007, 5.9)0.359
Not drink148 (69.5)57 (38.3)11 
Vigorous activityYes85 (39.4)24 (16.1)11 
No131 (60.6)125 (83.9)3.37 (2, 5.65)1.2 (0.48, 3.18)0.656
Moderate activityYes94 (43.5)40 (26.8)11 
No122 (56.5)109 (73.2)2.1 (1.33, 3.29)0.7 (0.27, 1.66)0.390
WalkYes182 (84.3)65 (43.6)11 
No**34 (15.7)84 (56.4)6.9 (4.24, 11.27)2.3 (1.01, 5.17)0.045
Central obesityYes**73 (33.80121 (81.2)8.46 (5.14, 13.9)3.4 (1.64, 6.91)0.001
No143 (66.2)28 (18.8)11 
Duration of DM0–3 years69 (31.9)22 (14.8)11 
3–6 years**46 (21.3)32 (21.5)2.1 (1.12, 4.21)2.8 (1, 7.85)0.039
> 6 years101 (46.8)95 (63.8)3 (1.69, 5.14)2.5 (1.08, 5.74)0.031
Dietary intakeGood160 (74.1)39 (26.2)11 
Poor**56 (25.9)110 (73.8)8 (5.00, 12.96)8 (4.02, 15.5)0.000
Vigorous activityAdequate58 (26.9)5 (3.4)11 
Low**158 (73.1)144 (96.6)10.5 (4.12, 27)4 (1.19, 13.8)0.025
Moderate activityAdequate70 (32.4)16 (10.7)11 
Low146 (67.6)133 (89.3)3.98 (2.2, 7.20)2.1 (0.89, 4.97)0.089
Walk levelAdequate**131 (60.6)24 (16.1)11 
Low85 (39.4)125 (83.9)8 (4.76, 13.43)3.3 (1.45, 7.61)0.005
  1. COR Crude Odd Ratio, AOR Adjusted Odd Ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. ** p value < 0.05 significant