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Table 1 Factors associated with vaginal Candida vaginitis among 300 studied pregnant women

From: Candida vaginitis among symptomatic pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Mwanza, Tanzania

VariableCulture positive (%)Culture negative (%)UnivariateMultivariate
OR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P value
Age28 [22–32]26 [22–30]1.03 (1.0–1.07)0.1191.01 (0.9–1.1)0.528
Gestation age28 [20–32]24 [20–32]1.03 (1.01–1.06)0.0411.03 (0.9–1.1)0.068
Residence
 Urban (262)167 (63.7)95 (36.3)1   
 Rural (38)30 (78.9)8 (21.1)0.46 (0.21–1.06)0.070
Marital status
 Single (25)14 (56.0)11 (44.0)1   
 Married (275)183 (66.6)92 (33.4)1.56 (0.68–3.58)0.291
Education
 Primary (201)141 (70.1)60 (29.9)1   
 Secondary (89)48 (53.9)41 (46.1)2 (1.3–3.3)0.0081.25 (0.8–2.5)0.411
 College (10)8 (80.0)2 (20)1.7 (0.4–8.3)0.5.93.5 (0.6–18.9)0.150
Occupation
 Employed (184)114 (67.0)70 (38.0)1   
 Unemployed (116)83 (71.6)33 (28.5)1.54 (0.93–2.54)0.089
Yoghurt drinking
 Yes (119)72 (60.5)47 (39.5)1   
 No (181)125 (69.1)56 (30.9)1.46 (0.89–2.36)0.128
Drinking alcohol
 No (255)166 (65.1)89 (34.9)1   
 Yes (45)31 (68.9)14 (31.1)1.18 (0.6–2.3)0.622
Gravidity
 Prime gravid (73)43 (58.9)30 (41.1)1   
 Gravid two (78)51 (65.4)27 (34.6)1.3 (0.6–2.5)0.412
 Multi gravid (149)103 (69.1)46 (38.9)1.56 (0.9–2.8)0.133
Douching
 No (28)12 (42.9)16 (57.1)1   
 Yes (272)185 (68.0)87 (32.0)2.8 (1.28–6.25)0.013.2 (1.4–7.5)0.007
STI results*
 Negative (233)159 (68.2)74 (31.8)1   
 Positive (10)3 (30)7 (70)5.01 (1.3–19.7)0.0224.6 (1.1–19.9)0.039
Antibiotic use
 No (147)86 (58.5)61 (41.5)1   
 Yes (153)111 (72.6)42 (27.4)1.8 (1.15–3.032)0.0111.8 (1.02–3.0)0.020
HIV
 Negative (290)189 (65.2)101 (34.8)1   
 Positive (10)8 (80.00)2 (20.0)2.14 (0.45–10.3)0.342
SES
 High (82)44 (53.7)38 (46.3)1   
 Low (218)153 (70.2)65 (29.8)2.03 (1.21–3.42)0.0082.04 (1.1–3.7)0.02
  1. The box bracket [] is inter quartile range for gestation age while the curved brackets () is percentage
  2. *Only 243 women tested for VDRL
  3. SES Social economic status