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Table 2 Multiple logistic regression analysis of factors associated with hypertension among respondents in Nekemte town, western Ethiopia, Dec. 2015 (n = 705)

From: Physical, behavioral and sociodemographic determinants of hypertension among the adult population in Nekemte town, western Ethiopia: community based study

VariablesHypertensionCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
Yes (%)No (%)
Age group (year)
 18–40156 (28.3%)396 (71.7%)11
 41–6470 (55.1%)57 (44.9%)3.12 (2.1, 4.63)2.6 (1.49, 4.57)
  ≥ 6520 (76.9%)6 (23.1%)8.47 (3.33, 21.28)5.85 (1.72, 20)
BMI
 Normal148 (33.6%)293 (66.4%)11
 Underweight16 (20.3%)63 (79.7%)0.63 (0.45, 0.9)0.48 (0.22, 1.05)
 Overweight/82 (44.3%)55.7 (55.7%)3.14 (1.69, 5.83)1.71 (1.09, 2.67)
 Obese    
Central obesity
 Yes74 (48.7%)78 (51.3%)2.1 (1.46, 3.03) 
 No172 (31.1%)381 (68.9%)1 
Exercise level
 Vigorous34 (26.8%)93 (73.2%)11
 Moderate128 (34.8%)240 (65.2%)1.46 (0.93, 2.28)0.85 (0.48, 1.5)
 None84 (40%)126 (60%)1.82 (1.13, 2.95)1.11 (0.57, 2.14)
Alcohol intake ever
 Yes45 (45.9%)53 (54.1%)1.72 (1.11, 2.64)0.94 (0.5, 1.78)
 No201 (33.1%)406 (66.9%)11
Chewed Khat past year
 Yes24 (54.5%)20 (45.5%)11
 No222 (33.6%)439 (66.4%)2.38 (1.28, 4.39)2.44 (1.05, 5.68)
Monthly income (ETB)
  < 150059 (27.2%)158 (72.8%)1 
 1500–4000100 (41.3%)142 (58.7%)1.89 (1.27, 2.79) 
 4000–600020 (60.6%)13 (39.4%)4.12 (1.93, 8.77) 
  ≥ 600012 (26.7%)33 (27.3%)0.97 (0.48, 2.01) 
Education status
 No formal education53 (70.7%)22 (29.3%)11
 Primary complete45 (37.8%)74 (62.2%)3.96 (2.13, 7.36)1.63 (0.72, 3.69)
 Secondary complete97 (30.3%)223 (69.7%)5.52 (3.19, 9.61)2.38 (1.11, 5.09)
 College and above49 (25.9%)140 (74.1%)6.88 (3.8, 12.47)2.75 (1.26, 6.03)
Self-report of DM
 Yes14 (53.8%)12 (46.2%)2.25 (1.02, 4.95)1.75 (0.625, 4.88)
 No232 (34.2%)447 (65.8%)11
Family history of HTN
 Yes123 (44.2%)155 (55.8)1.40 (1.02, 1.92)1.34 (0.88, 2.03)
 No151 (35.4%)276 (64.6%)11