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Table 2 Cross tabulation of child caring practice, maternal, environmental, and dietary diversity characteristics with underweight status among 6–59 months old children in Berahle woreda, Afar, Northern East Ethiopia, 2016

From: Determinants of underweight among 6–59 months old children in Berahle, Afar, North East Ethiopia: a case control study 2016

VariableCategoryUnderweight status of the children
YesNoTotal
Minimum dietary diversityMeet40 (32.3)154 (63.1)194 (52.7)
Not meet84 (67.7)90 (36.9)174 (47.3)
MMF (n = 198)Not accepted29 (53.7)82 (56.9)111 (56.1)
Accepted25 (46.3)62 (43.1)87 (43.9)
BCG vaccinationYes31 (25)72 (29.5)103 (27)
No93 (75)172 (70.5)265 (73)
Measles vaccination status (n = 310)Vaccinated77 (67.5)123 (62.8)200 (64.5)
Not vaccinated37 (32.5)73 (37.2)110 (35.5)
Mothers age15–2425 (20.2)66 (27)91 (24.7)
25–3452 (41.9)114 (46.7)166 (45.1)
35–4437 (29.8)60 (24.6)97 (26.4)
> 4410 (8.1)4 (1.6)14 (3.8)
BMIUnderweight60 (48.4)36 (14.8)96 (26.1)
Healthy weight60 (48.4)204 (83.6)264 (71.7)
Overweight4 (3.204 (1.6)8 (2.2)
Parity118 (14.5)42 (17.2)60 (16.3)
2–333 (26.6)105 (43)1381 (37.5)
> 373 (58.9)97 (39.8)170 (46.2)
Birth interval (n = 322)≥ 316 (15.1)92 (42.6)108 (33.5)
< 390 (84.9)124 (57.4)214 (66.5)
Source of waterProtected60 (48.4)180 (73.8)240 (65.2)
Not protected64 (51.6)64 (26.2)128 (34.8)
Latrine availabilityNo82 (66.1)94 (38.5)176 (47.8)
Yes42 (33.9)150 (61.5)192 (52.2)
Hand washing before food preparation.No6 (4.8)12 (4.9)18 (4.8)
Yes118 (95.2)232 (95.1)358 (95.2)
Hand washing before &after feedingNo10 (8.1)16 (6.6)26 (7)
Yes114 (91.9)228 (93.4)342 (93)
Hand washing after toiletNo41 (33.1)72 (29.5)113 (30.7)
Yes83 (66.9)172 (70.5)255 (69.3)
Hand washing after child cleaningNo62 (50)121 (49.6)183 (49.7)
Yes62 (50)123 (50.4)185 (51.3)
CerealYes124 (100)230 (94.2)354 (96.1)
No014 (5.8)14 (3.9)
Legume and nutYes86 (65.6)136 (57.4)222 (60.3)
No45 (34.4)101 (42.6)146 (39.7)
Dairy productYes84 (64)178 (75)262 (71.1)
No47 (36)59 (25)106 (28.9)
Flesh foodYes28 (21.3)84 (35.4)112 (30.5)
No103 (78.7)153 (64.6)256 (69.5)
EggYes6 (4.6)36 (15.2)42 (11.5)
No125 (95.4)201 (84.8)326 (88.5)
Vitamin A rich fruit and vegYes14 (10.7)48 (20.3)62 (16.9)
No117 (89.3)189 (79.7)306 (83.1)