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Table 3 Bi variate and multivariable analysis participants on determinants of underweight among 6–59 months old children in Berahle, Afar, Northern East Ethiopia, 2016 (n = 368)

From: Determinants of underweight among 6–59 months old children in Berahle, Afar, North East Ethiopia: a case control study 2016

CategoriesCase (124)Control (244)COR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)P-value
Mothers occupation
 House wife74 (59.7)124 (50.8)1  
 Others50 (40.3)120 (49.2).69 (.45–1.08)  
Fathers occupation
 Farmer70 (56.5)99 (40.6)1  
 Employed20 (16.1)72 (29.5).39 (.22–.70)  
 Merchant22 (17.7)51 (20.9).61 (.33–1.09)  
 Other12 (9.7)22 (9).77 (.35–1.66)  
Mothers literacy
 Illiterate85 (68.5)134 (54.9)1.78 (1.13–2.82)2.32 (1.19–4.55)*.014
 Literate39 (31.5)110 (45.1)1  
Income
  < 75024 (19.4)37 (15.2)1.74 (.90–3.35)  
 750–150068 (54.8)121 (49.6)1.51 (.913–2.49)  
  > 150032 (25.8)86 (35.2)1  
Age of children
 6–11 months20 (16.1)80 (32.8)1  
 12–23 months34 (27.4)64 (26.2)2.12 (1.11–4.04)1.03 (.41–2.53).948
 24–35 months20 (16.1)46 (18.9)1.74 (.84–3.56)1.71 (.66–4.41).265
 36–47 months18 (14.5)38 (15.6)1.90 (.90–3.99)1.77 (.69–4.56).231
 48–49 months32 (25.8)16 (6.8)8 (3.68–17.36)11.93 (3.88–36.67)*.000
Birth order
 118 (14.5)42 (17.2)1  
 2–333 (26.6)105 (43).73 (.37–1.44)  
  > 373 (58.9)97 (39.8)1.70 (.93–3.29)  
Diarrhea
 No78 (62.9)214 (87.7)1  
 Yes46 (37.1)30 (12.3)4.2 (2.48–7.13)2.93 (1.46–5.85)*.002
EBF status
 No64 (51.6)86 (35.2)1.96 (1.26–3.04)  
 Yes60 (48.4)158 (64.8)1  
EBF duration
  ≥ 6 months14 (35)79 (48.1)1  
  < 6 months26 (65)82 (51.9)1.72 (.83–3.53)  
Score diet diversity
 Meet40 (32.3)154 (63.1)1  
 Not meet84 (67.7)90 (36.9)3.59 (2.27–5.67)4.57 (2.40–8.69)*.001
Source of water
 Protected60 (48.4)180 (73.8)1  
 Not protected64 (51.6)64 (26.2)3 (1.90–4.7)2.62 (1.42–4.85)*.002
Latrine ownership
 No82 (66.1)94 (38.5)3.11 (1.98–4.89)  
 Yes42 (33.9)150 (61.5)1  
Faeces disposal system
 Proper disposal56 (45.2)131 (53.7)1  
 Improper disposal68 (54.8)113 (46.3).71 (.46–1.09)  
Body mass index
 Underweight63 (50.8)83 (34)2 (1.29–3.11)  
 Normal weight61 (49.2)161 (66)1  
Birth interval
  ≥ 316 (15.1)92 (42.6)1  
  < 390 (84.9)124 (57.4)4.17 (2.29–7.57)5.17 (2.37–11.26)*.000
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. * Significant predictors at P-value < .05. Variables with P-value < .25 in the bivariable analysis (COR) were included to the final model for adjustment (AOR)