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Table 1 The numbers of yeast isolates among various clinical samples

From: An alarming rise of non-albicans Candida species and uncommon yeasts in the clinical samples; a combination of various molecular techniques for identification of etiologic agents

Yeast species

Clinical sample (number)

Ward (number)

Predisposing factor (number)

Molecular method for identification

Male to female sex ratio

Total number

Median age

C. albicans

Urine (39), Fingernail (11), Skin lesion (9), BAL (8), Vaginal discharge (3), Blood (3), Ear discharge (1), Eye discharge (1), trachea (1)

Outpatient (39), Gynaecology (10), ICU (9), Infectious Diseases (8), Surgical (3), Men (3), Neonatal (2), Dialysis (1), NICU (1)

Pregnancy (15), Diabetes Mellitus (10), Burn (2), Liver Cancer (1), Hepatitis (1), Leukemia (1), Asthma (1), Kidney stone (1), Lupus (1)

PCR–RFLP, Duplex-PCR

33/43

76

42.3

C. glabrata

Urine (72), Blood (5), Toenail (3), Skin lesion (5), trachea (2), Ear Discharge (1), Thrush (1), BAL (1), Vaginal discharge (1), Fingernail (1)

Outpatient (41), Surgical (13), NICU (12), ICU (7), Infectious Diseases (6), Gynaecology (5), CCU (3), General Neurology (3), Dialysis (1), Burn (1)

Diabetes Mellitus (20), Pregnancy (18), Kidney Stone (4), Burn (3), Lymphoma (1), Breast Cancer (1), Renal Failure (1), Splenectomy (1), Asthma (1), Tuberculosis (1), Constipation (1)

PCR–RFLP, Multiplex-PCR

29/63

92

43.3

Pichia kudriavzevii (teleomorph of the Candida krusei)

Urine (7), BAL (1)

Outpatient (3), Surgical (2), ICU (1), NICU (1), Neonatal (1)

Pregnancy (3), Kidney Stone (1), Tuberculosis (1)

PCR-sequencing

3/5

8

50.3

C. kefyr

Urine (6), Skin lesion (1)

Outpatient (4), Surgical (1), ICU (1), NICU (1)

Diabetes Mellitus (3), Burn (1)

PCR–RFLP

4/3

7

40.1

C. parapsilosis

Fingernail (2), Toenail (1), Skin lesion (1), Urine (1), Thrush (1)

Outpatient (4), NICU (2)

Diabetes Mellitus (1)

PCR–RFLP, Multiplex-PCR

2/4

6

40

C. tropicalis

Urine (3)

Outpatient (2), General Neurology (1)

Diabetes Mellitus (1), Leukemia (1)

PCR–RFLP

2/1

3

37.3

C. dubliniensis

BAL (1)

Infectious Diseases (1)

PCR–RFLP, Duplex-PCR

0/1

1

35

C. guilliermondii

Urine (1)

Outpatient (1)

PCR–RFLP

0/1

1

33

C. orthopsilosis

Fingernail (1)

Outpatient (1)

PCR–RFLP, Multiplex-PCR

0/1

1

41

C. famata (Debaryomyces hansenii)

Urine (1)

NICU (1)

PCR–RFLP

0/1

1

47

Kluyveromyces marxianus (teleomorph of the Candida parapsilosis)

BAL (1)

Infectious Diseases (1)

PCR-sequencing

0/1

1

65

Trichosporon asahii

Urine (4)

ICU (1), Dialysis (1), Surgical (1), Outpatient (1)

Diabetes Mellitus (3), Renal Failure (1)

PCR-sequencing

1/3

4

41.5

Pichia terricola

Urine (1)

Maternity (1)

Pregnancy (1)

PCR-sequencing

0/1

1

35

  1. ICU intensive care unit, NICU newborn intensive care unit, BAL bronchoalveolar lavage