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Table 2 Subgroup analysis of patients with left ventricular remodeling

From: Echocardiographic assessment of asymptomatic US Air Force members with early HIV infection

 All subjects (n = 50)No LVR (n = 37)LVR (n = 13)p value
Cardiovascular risk factors
 Body-mass index > 30 kg/m24 (8)2 (5.4)2 (15.4)0.275
 Active smokers10 (20)8 (21.6)2 (15.3)1
 Hypertension4 (8)3 (8.1)1 (7.7)1
 Hyperlipidemia5 (10)4 (10.8)1 (7.7)1
 Family history of CVD11 (22)9 (24.3)2 (15.4)1
HIV characteristics
 HIV infection > 300 days28 (56)19 (51.4)9 (69.2)0.339
 CD4 count < 500 cells/μL20 (40)17 (45.9)3 (23.1)0.197
 HIV viral load > 100,000 copies/mL13 (26)9 (24.3)4 (30.8)0.719
 AIDS2 (4)1 (2.7)1 (7.7)0.456
  1. Patients with LVR compared to those without evidence of LVR. All data expressed as number (%)
  2. LVR left ventricular remodeling
  3. Fisher’s exact test