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Table 2 Dietary intakes of study participants across the quartiles of DPI

From: Dietary phytochemical index and overweight/obesity in children: a cross-sectional study

VariableDPI quartilesP-value*
Total (N = 356)Q1 (N = 89)Q2 (N = 89)Q3 (N = 89)Q4 (N = 89)
Energy (kcal/d)2244.97 ± 41.66a2226.30 ± 82.962318.63 ± 77.992278.28 ± 83.312156.70 ± 89.060.55
Carbohydrate (g/d)324.71 ± 6.85297.55 ± 12.73335.24 ± 11.07337.03 ± 14.72329.04 ± 15.680.14
Protein (g/d)73.95 ± 2.3876.62 ± 6.3271.67 ± 2.7974.23 ± 4.1273.27 ± 5.210.90
Total fat (g/d)88.09 ± 3.4299.04 ± 10.8387.71 ± 4.1384.91 ± 5.2980.69 ± 4.980.26
Fiber (g/d)19.96 ± 0.6316.54 ± 1.4518.98 ± 0.7222.18 ± 1.3322.15 ± 1.380.003
Folate (mg/d)327.69 ± 10.45293.39 ± 18.12344.87 ± 18.30343.38 ± 24.69329.12 ± 21.720.27
Vitamin C (mg/d)174.35 ± 6.76111.61 ± 6.16166.14 ± 9.32205.81 ± 14.18213.86 ± 18.39< 0.001
Calcium (mg/d)1036.87 ± 26.17939.72 ± 39.151077.89 ± 53.411101.32 ± 51.511028.55 ± 61.970.13
Magnesium (mg/d)287.94 ± 7.39264.77 ± 17.14284.23 ± 10.03303.61 ± 15.90299.17 ± 14.940.23
Potassium (mg/d)3504.36 ± 85.422849.18 ± 118.393461.85 ± 137.353731.66 ± 169.673974.76 ± 219.24< 0.001
  1. Italic values indicate the significance of P-values (P-value < 0.05)
  2. aData are presented as mean ± standard deviation
  3. * Obtained from ANOVA