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Table 3 Gender disparity and obstetric history as predictors of high stress levels among pregnant women (n = 516)

From: Psychosocial predictors of antenatal stress in Pakistan: perspectives from a developing country

PredictorsSubcategoriesBStd. error in BP-valueOdds ratio95% C.I. for OR
LowerUpper
Household income .353.142.0131.4231.0771.879
Household decision makerIn-laws  .050   
 Husband− .952.434.028.386.165.904
 Self− .444.241.066.641.4001.029
PregnancyUnplanned/planned− .797.246.001.450.278.730
Number of children − .129.061.033.879.780.989
Gender preferenceNo preference  .011   
 Male.319.233.1721.375.8702.173
 Female− 1.398.583.016.247.079.775
Complications during birth procedure by mid-wivesYes/no.466.273.0881.594.9332.722
Marital problemsYes/no.779.338.0212.1781.1244.223
HarassmentNo/yes1.188.322.0003.2801.7456.164
Constant − .621.437.155.538  
  1. Hosmer and Lemeshow test statistic = 3.54, P = .896, Cox and Snell R2 = .22, NegelKerke R2 = .29, Model Chi2 = 113.50, P < .001
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