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Table 1 Clinical, socioeconomic, and treatment characteristics of patients related to the quality of life of 81 patients subjected to treatment for breast cancer

From: Patient satisfaction and quality of life in breast reconstruction: assessment of outcomes of immediate, delayed, and nonreconstruction

 Breast reconstructionWHOQOL
Yes nNo nPhysical mean (SD)Psychological mean (SD)Social Relations mean (SD)Environment
mean (SD)
General mean (SD)
Age group,
Mean (SD)
47.5 (9.7)51.4 (10)     
0.161 W
 < 4013262.29 (11.02)70.67 (11.9)77.78 (13.25)63.67 (13.56)66.78 (9.68)
 40–5022766.11 (13.24)72.64 (9.73)71.03 (16.06)65.09 (8.36)68.02 (8.88)
 50-6017965.82 (10.49)72.05 (9.38)70.26 (18.59)64..42 (11.19)67.47 (9.59)
 > 607463.12 (9.77)66.67 (14.68)64.85 (14.01)60.91 (12.11)63.48 (9.16)
 p-value0.426Q0.682 k0.679 k0.253 k0.660 k0.461 k
Educational level
 Until elementary school221262.77 (10.72)70.59 (11.59)67.25 (17.7)64.63 (12.75)65.91 (9.83)
 Until high school29865.25 (11.52)70.81 (10.35)72.97 (15.23)62.91 (9.42)66.82 (8.96)
 Until graduation or superior8270.86 (12.62)75.33 (9.58)78 (13.35)66.25 (8.19)71.33 (7.6)
 p-value0.373Q0.330 k0.399k0.126k0.464k0.216k
Marital status
 Single251564.07 (11.89)70..25 (11.99)71 (16.64)65.31 (11.95)66.9 (10.34)
 Not single281365.71 (11.12)72.28 (9.5)71.38 (16.28)62.8 (9.46)67.09 (8.15)
 p-value0.352Q0.537w0.582w0.875w0.234w0.857w
How is your health?
 Weak2057.14 (8.08)a.b65.00 (7.07)a.b43.33 (14.41)b51.25 (1.77)a.b55.42 (2.95)b
 Not bad, not good16958.17 (8.24)b63.47 (10.43)b64.27(17.41)a,b58.80 (9.69)b60.47 (7.99)b
 Good251168.49 (9.43)a75.19 (9.74)a74.44 (11.76)a67.36 (10.42)a70.53 (7.88)a
 Very good15268.07 (15.46)a75.1 (7.56)a76.08 (17.17)a65.29 (9.76)a69.90 (8.29)a
 p-value0.268Q0.002k<0.001k0.016k0.002k<0.001k
Comorbidities
 Yes231464.48 (12.48)70.00 (13.26)68.65 (18.85)63.78 (11.94)66.15 (11.00)
 No36865.26 (10.67)72.35 (8.35)73.33 (13.79)64.26 (9.80)67.71 (7.51)
p-value0.048Q0.661w0.721w0.181w0.830w0.605w
Family income
 Até 1 BM401363.67 (11.11)69.94 (10.28)70.44 (16.36)62.5 (11.27)65.69 (9.22)
 De 1 a 2 BM12665.08 (8.69)72.78 (11.90)72.59 (17.84)65.97 (10..71)68.24 (9)
 >2 BM7371.14 (16.13)75.67 (10.89)72.67 (14.89)68.75 (5.8)71.67 (8.8)
 p-value0.751Q0.540 k0.131 k0.549 k0.093 k0.117 k
Mastectomy technique
 Skin and ANC non-sparing262565.71 (10.84)71.31 (11.51)71.37 (17.35)63.14 (10.12)66.96 (9.12)
 Skin sparing15365.4 (10.18)71.67 (11.04)73.7 (13.03)66.11 (12.4)68.24 (9.57)
 Skin and ANC sparing10060.29 (15.68)71.33 (6.32)64 (16.09)64 (9.66)64.75 (8.53)
 Other2062.86 (20.2)66.67 (14.14)80 (18.86)68.75 (22.98)67.92 (19.45)
 p-value 0.509 k0.921 k0.471 k0.557 k0.755 k
Breast reconstruction
 Yes  65.62 (11.74)71.69 (9.97)72.77 (15.82)64.62 (10.88)67.7 (9.02)
 No  62.99 (10.71)70.15 (12.91)66.97 (17.39)62.5 (10.55)65.11 (9.76)
 p-value  0.536w0.616w0.166w0.343w0.310w
Neoadjuvant therapy
 Chemotherapy30863.68 (12.12)71.4 (11)71.4 (16.18)64.54 (11.36)66.86 (9.22)
 Chemotherapy and radiotherapy2181.9 (19.02)71.11 (18.36)71.11 (3.85)61.67 (8.78)71.11 (13.39)
 None271364.79 (9.38)71.17 (10.31)71 (17.32)63.75 (10.52)66.81 (9.16)
 p-value0.509Q0.230 k0.935 k0.991 k0.809 k0.704 k
Adjuvant therapy
 Chemotherapy9262.6 (6.32)71.52 (8.35)70.3 (10.05)64.77 (7.54)66.52 (6.08)
 Radiotherapy24664.29 (12.53)71.44 (12.43)72.44 (16.49)64.08 (11.83)67.03 (10.03)
 Chemotherapy and radiotherapy171065.71 (12.45)71.36 (11.26)70.12 (19.16)63.61 (12.45)66.98 (10.69)
 None9466.59 (10.84)70.51 (8.26)71.28 (15.49)64.23 (7.1)67.37 (6.88)
 p-value0.450Q0.687 k0.957 k0.981 k0.894 k0.993 k
Reconstruction technique
 TRAM flap3 74.29 (17.38)76.67 (6.67)62.22 (25.24)65 (10.9)70.28 (11.82)
 Myocutaneous flaps of the Latissimus Dorsi Muscle with breast implants19 66.57 (8.7)73 (10.7)79 (16.08)66.5 (11.65)69.71 (8.29)
 Subpectoral silicone implants23 63.81 (12.83)70 (9.56)69.14 (12.56)63.61 (9.94)65.96 (8.4)
 Subpectoral tissue expanders6 66.94 (12.33)73.81 (10.44)71.43 (19.52)61.79 (11.25)67.5 (11.1)
 Another technique2 62.86 (20.2)66.67 (14.14)80 (18.86)68.75 (22.98)67.92 (19.45)
 p-value  0.646 k0.721 k0.203 k0.751 k0.635 k
Momento of breast reconstruction
 Immediate36 63.83 (12.35)70.24 (10.31)73.01 (15.2)64.82 (11.34)66.91 (9.67)
 Delayed17 69.68 (9.3)75 (8.5)72.22 (17.6)64.17 (10.04)69.49 (7.26)
 Nonreconstruction28 62.99 (10.71)70.15 (12.91)66.97 (17.39)62.5 (10.55)65.11 (9.76)
 p-value  0.084 k0.228 k0.382 k0.611 k0.327 k
Complications
 Mastectomy 654.76 (9.97)a65.71 (12.87)61.9 (23.32)59.29 (9.97)59.76 (10.84)
 Immediate reconstruction17 64.87 (13.54)a.b69.17 (5.56)65.83 (9.72)60.94 (7.06)64.69 (6.41)
 Delayed reconstruction7 73.88 (9.82)b73.33 (8.82)68.89 (7.7)55.83 (10.1)63.06 (9.18)
 None292264.87 (10.32)a.b73.06 (10.58)75.56 (19.56)66.88 (11.97)71.18 (10.14)
 p-value 0.017 k0.248 k0.539 k0.792 k0.359 k
  1. The variables in italics had statistically significant values (p <0.05)
  2. SD standard deviation, N absolute frequency, TRAM flap transverse rectus abdominis flap, BM Brazilian minimum wage
  3. wMann-Whitney test; KKruskal-Wallis test; QPearson’s Chi square test