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Table 1 Multiple comparisons on ulcer index, malondialdehyde, and reduced glutathione in male Wistar rats for against each experimental group

From: Antimalarial combination therapies increase gastric ulcers through an imbalance of basic antioxidative-oxidative enzymes in male Wistar rats

Tukey’s multiple comparisons tests Ulcer index Malondialdehyde Reduced glutathione
Adjusted P values
Artesunate vs. Artesunate-amodiaquine 0.6887 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Artesunate vs. Artemether-lumefantrine 0.8519 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Artesunate vs. positive control < 0.0001 < 0.0003 0.0166
Artesunate vs. negative control > 0.9999 0.0685 0.9973
Artesunate-amodiaquine vs. Artemether-lumefantrine 0.9982 0.9997 0.9701
Artesunate-amodiaquine vs. positive control < 0.0001 < 0.0001 0.0348
Artesunate-amodiaquine vs. negative control 0.7211 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Artemether-lumefantrine vs. positive control < 0.0001 < 0.0001 0.1009
Artemether-lumefantrine vs. negative control 0.8704 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Positive control vs. negative control < 0.0001 < 0.0001 0.0118