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Table 3 Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of willingness to engage a partner in smoking cessation among smokers who participated in a web-assisted tobacco intervention trial, stratified by gender (N = 983)

From: Teamwork for smoking cessation: which smoker was willing to engage their partner? Results from a cross-sectional study

  n (%) Adjusted Odds Ratio
(95% confidence interval)
Women (n = 731)
p-value n (%) Adjusted Odds Ratio
(95% confidence interval)
Men (n = 252)
p-value
Demographic factors
 Age group (years)
  55+ 289 (40%) Reference   70 (29%) Reference  
  45–54 102 (14%) 1.40 (0.78–2.51) 0.25 39 (16%) 1.04 (0.38–2.87) 0.87
  35–44 137 (19%) 2.15 (1.28–3.62) < 0.01 55(22%) 0.67 (0.25–1.76) 0.44
  19–34 203 (28%) 2.30 (1.41–3.77) < 0.01 88 (35%) 1.06 (0.44–2.59) 067
 Education
  College graduate 507 (70%) Reference   174 (70%) Reference  
  High school 221 (30%) 1.26 (0.85–1.87) 0.21 76 (30%) 1.31 (0.65–2.63) 0.57
 Race/ethnicity
  Non-Hispanic white 524 (75%) Reference   155 (64%) Reference  
  Non-Hispanic black 88 (12%) 1.38 (0.81–2.33) 0.24 39 (16%) 0.53 (0.21–1.34) 0.19
  Hispanic 40 (6%) 1.89 (0.92–3.87) 0.08 23 (10%) 0.29 (0.09–0.97) 0.05
  Othera 51 (7%) 0.82 (0.40–1.73) 0.95 30 (10%) 0.57 (0.18–1.74) 0.85
 Smoking-related factors
  Cigarette packs per day
  Less than 1 pack/day 423 (58%) Reference   128 (51%) Reference  
  1–2 or more packs/day 308 (42%) 1.16 (0.77–1.74) 0.49 124 (49%) 1.08 (0.56–2.09) 0.93
 Readiness for change
  Pre-contemplation 30 (4%) Reference   10 (4%) Reference  
  Contemplation 417 (58%) 0.75 (0.33–1.75) 0.55 144 (57%) 0.23 (0.08–0.99) 0.06
  Preparation 39 (5%) 0.64 (0.21–1.98) 0.47 25 (10%) 0.07 (0.01–0.48) < 0.01
  Action 189 (26%) 0.70 (0.30–1.70) 0.45 54 (21%) 0.17 (0.03–0.87) 0.03
  Maintenance 50 (7%) 0.34 (0.11–1.06) 0.09 19 (8%) 0.18 (0.12–0.76) 0.09
 How soon after you wake up do you smoke your first cigarette?
  Within 5 min 291 (40%) Reference   94 (37%) Reference  
  6–30 min 275 (37%) 0.96 (0.63–1.46) 0.89 95 (38%) 0.98 (0.48–2.01) 0.94
  31 to 60 min 78 (11%) 1.10 (0.60–2.05) 0.77 33 (13%) 1.33 (0.49–3.58) 0.64
  After 60 min 87 (12%) 0.82 (0.43–1.59) 0.60 30 (12%) 0.75 (0.25–2.28) 0.71
  Have you ever tried using e-cigarettes?b 566 (77%) 1.17 (0.74–1.83)   197 (78%) 4.41 (1.69–11.49) < 0.01
 Smokers in immediate family besides self
  No smokers 247 (34%) Reference   100 (40%) Reference  
  1 to 3 smokers 369 (51%) 2.08 (1.34–3.24) < 0.01 109 (43%) 2.43 (1.15–3.15) 0.02
  ≥ 4 smokers 115 (16%) 3.08 (1.80–5.37) < 0.01 43 (17%) 3.88 (1.51–9.94) < 0.01
 Participated in tobacco counsellingb 124 (17%) 1.19 (0.67–2.12) 0.50 79 (31%) 2.73 (1.01–7.41) 0.06
  Used nicotine replacement therapyb 333 (46%) 0.85 (0.54–1.34) 0.50 131 (52%) 0.57 (0.22–1.45) 0.22
  Visited a smoking cessation website prior to the interventionb 332 (45%) 1.72 (1.18–2.50) < 0.01 113 (45%) 1.31 (0.67–2.53) 0.45
  1. aOther includes Asian, Native Hawaiian, American Indians, Alaska; bReference category (no)
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