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Table 1 Maternal characteristics (frequency, n (%))

From: Infant feeding mode predicts the costs of healthcare services in one region of Canada: a data linkage pilot study

Characteristics PN1 survey (N = 554) No MCP (N = 394) HSU [admin] (N = 160) P value*
Infant feeding mode
 EBF at 1 month 291 (52.5%) 201 (51.0%) 107 (66.9%) 0.003
 Mixed fed 165 (29.8%) 116 (29.4%) 32 (20.0%)  
 EFF 98 (17.7%) 77 (19.5%) 21 (13.1%)  
Mother’s age (> 26 years) 494 (89.2%) 344 (86.8%) 152 (95.0%) 0.005
Marital status (married/partnered) 518 (93.7%) 362 (92.1%) 156 (97.5%) 0.018
Education level (post-secondary) 510 (92.1%) 354 (89.8%) 156 (97.5%) 0.003
Household income (> 30,000 CAN$) 520 (93.9%) 363 (92.1%) 157 (98.1%) 0.008
Parity (primiparous) 316 (57.2%) 218 (55.6%) 98 (61.3%) 0.224
Type of delivery (vaginal) 403 (73.0%) 286 (73.0%) 117 (73.1%) 0.968
Smoking status (current) 18 (3.20%) 16 (4.1%) 2 (1.30%) 0.091
Dwelling area (urban) 253 (45.7%) 136 (44.9%) 117 (73.1%) 0.0000
Ethnicity: caucasian 514 (94.5%) 362 (94.0%) 151 (95.6%) 0.478
Ethnicity: other (i.e., Asian, Aboriginal, Afro-Canadian) 30 (5.5%) 23 (5.9%) 7 (4.4%)
  1. *P value compares those that took part in the HSU study (n = 160) to those that did not (n = 394)