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Table 2 Comparison of mean scores of total FNLIT and its subscales based on the HFI status

From: Relationship between household food insecurity and food and nutrition literacy among children of 9–12 years of age: a cross-sectional study in a city of Iran

Variable HFI status p-valuea
Food-secure (n = 137) Food-insecure (n = 178)
Total FNLIT (score) 74.09 ± 11.57b 68.65 ± 12.83  < 0.001*
FNLIT cognitive domain (score)
 Understanding food and nutrition information 76.95 ± 12.39 73.25 ± 13.91 0.01*
 Nutritional health knowledge 88.5 ± 13.49 82.12 ± 20.74 0.001*
FNLIT skill domain (score)
 Functional FNLIT 72.03 ± 13.9 69.41 ± 16.13 0.12
 Interactive FNLIT 57.05 ± 26.9 57.11 ± 24.86 0.98
 Food choice literacy 75.86 ± 69.94 69.94 ± 21.97 0.009*
 Critical FNLIT 67.88 ± 22.16 65.87 ± 23.75 0.43
 Food label literacy 72.08 ± 29.7 49.01 ± 35.19 < 0.001*
  1. HFI household food insecurity, FNLIT food and nutrition literacy
  2. *Significant at the level of p < 0.05
  3. a p-values obtained from Independent-samples t test
  4. b Data are shown as Mean ± standard deviation