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Table 1 Distribution environmental performance indicators and early childhood caries in 3–5-year-old children in the 61 countries included in the study

From: An ecological study of the association between environmental indicators and early childhood caries

Factors Percent score
Mean (SD)
Early childhood caries prevalence 55.54 (22.14)
Household solid fuels 61.40 (32.23)
PM2.5 exposure 81.82 (25.61)
PM2.5 exceedance 82.63 (22.36)
Sanitation 65.27 (28.15)
Drinking water 64.55 (28.18)
Lead exposure 63.07 (23.91)
Marine protected areas 87.05 (14.49)
Terrestrial biome protection (National) 77.71 (27.00)
Terrestrial biome protection (Global) 76.93 (27.61)
Species protection index 79.56 (23.86)
Protected area representativeness index 48.34 (24.23)
Species habitat index 77.36 (18.40)
Tree cover loss 22.29 (20.07)
Fish stock status 60.64 (23.93)
Regional marine trophic index 50.94 (25.33)
CO2 emission intensity – total 47.96 (17.09)
CO2 emission intensity – power 46.87 (20.95)
Methane emission intensity 68.48 (19.44)
N2O emission intensity 57.71 (19.17)
Black carbon emission intensity 55.93 (21.32)
SO2 emission intensity 53.66 (25.18)
NOX emission intensity 50.91 (23.73)
Wastewater treatment 74.41 (30.20)
Sustainable nitrogen management index 38.03 (17.35)