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Table 2 DII food parameters intake according to DII group

From: Associations of dietary inflammatory index, serum levels of MCP-1 and body composition in Iranian overweight and obese women: a cross-sectional study

  Anti-inflammatory diet Pro-inflammatory diet P value
Mean SD Mean SD
Energy intake (kcal) 2588.82 707.15 2658.21 790.42 0.140
Carbohydrate (g) 386.41 39.61 357.23 49.32 0.108
Protein (g) 93.67 14.83 83.12 17.38 0.584
Total fat (g) 87.28 15.56 101.38 22.02 0.015
MUFA (g) 29.01 6.52 33.55 10.42  < 0.0001
PUFA (g) 18.85 5.70 21.23 9.40  < 0.0001
SFA (g) 25.98 6.05 30.13 8.55  < 0.0001
Cholesterol (mg) 256.77 79.80 248.50 94.54 0.113
Fiber (g) 50.09 12.70 40.34 14.21 0.439
Thiamine (mg) 2.13 0.31 2.01 0.39 0.156
Riboflavin (mg) 2.31 0.43 2.06 0.64 0.023
Niacin (mg) 26.49 4.88 23.92 6.85 0.165
Vitamin B6 (mg) 2.38 0.37 1.92 0.38 0.354
Folic acid (µg) 648.31 101.31 562.32 92.69 0.222
Vitamin B12 (µg) 4.88 1.88 4.55 2.33 0.402
Vitamin A (RE) 931.58 369.19 616.03 287.89 0.044
Vitamin C (mg) 257.56 98.48 172.09 106.78 0.024
Vitamin E (mg) 16.17 5.92 18.52 10.85  < 0.0001
Vitamin D (µg) 2.84 1.45 2.45 1.63 0.943
Iron (mg) 19.79 2.44 17.43 2.83 0.431
Beta-carotene (µg) 6910.62 3652.64 3581.06 1912.90  < 0.0001
Selenium (µg) 123.90 28.14 115.70 30.25 0.542
Zinc (mg) 13.71 1.97 12.03 2.26 0.214
Magnesium (mg) 510.30 68.62 404.72 66.85 0.811
Caffeine (g) 205.50 189.42 167.97 96.51 0.058
Omega 3 (g) 1.39 0.56 1.35 0.65 0.513
Omega 6 (g) 15.98 5.46 18.67 9.24  < 0.0001
Onion(g) 33.82 23.44 30.97 21.04 0.498
Tea(g) 963.42 946.41 795.08 489.88 0.082
  1. n = 280
  2. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation
  3. Comparisons of nutrient intake across the groups of the DII were analyzed using independent sample t-test
  4. DII values were categorized according to the median (anti-inflammatory diet: DII ≤ 0.05, pro-inflammatory
  5. diet: DII > 0.06)
  6. Nutrients intake adjusted for energy intake