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Table 1 Total phenolic and total flavonoid contents of the garlic extracts at different cooking temperatures and times

From: Effect of cooking temperature and time on total phenolic content, total flavonoid content and total in vitro antioxidant activity of garlic

Extract Time (minutes) 25 \(^\circ{\rm C} \) 50 \(^\circ{\rm C} \) 75 \(^\circ{\rm C} \) 100 \(^\circ{\rm C} \) 125 \(^\circ{\rm C} \) 150 \(^\circ{\rm C} \)
Total phenolic content (mg GAE/100 g)
 Aqueous 15 365.49 ± 13.61a 517.28 ± 9.15b 701.39 ± 20.71b 753.68 ± 13.07b 878.65 ± 9.83c 933.60 ± 23.41c
30 367.08 ± 14.71a 632.86 ± 18.34b 753.91 ± 7.42b 797.67 ± 17.36b 973.775 ± 18.12c 1016.86 ± 4.18c
45 369.48 ± 21.48a 793.75 ± 33.21b 880.43 ± 6.55b 768.47 ± 17.71b 1091.46 ± 15.75c 1199.95 ± 20.78c
60 376.68 ± 20.04a 798.52 ± 20.87b 897.36 ± 10.51b 932.66 ± 13.29b 1200.87 ± 39.92c 1273.30 ± 17.87c
 Ethanolic 15 394.42 ± 10.86a 381.00 ± 4.58a 385.90 ± 5.01a 379.02 ± 6.53a 293.83 ± 10.65c 266.34 ± 1.23c
30 377.95 ± 14.47a 382.51 ± 10.17a 387.66 ± 7.72a 370.20 ± 4.96a 285.30 ± 17.52c 266.42 ± 9.43c
45 383.80 ± 1.24a 381.20 ± 5.38a 375.46 ± 9.51a 290.00 ± 5.06a 255.18 ± 17.94c 234.66 ± 12.86c
60 355.31 ± 9.88a 367.40 ± 8.22a 352.72 ± 13.22a 272.77 ± 10.74a 230.48 ± 22.40c 141.64 ± 3.72c
Total flavonoid content (QE/g)
 Aqueous 15 133.82 ± 13.09a 148.85 ± 15.74ab 229.64 ± 8.50bc 246.14 ± 6.47 cd 379.54 ± 9.08de 374.13 ± 15.43e
30 136.62 ± 7.95a 211.47 ± 12.50ab 246.87 ± 7.63bc 309.25 ± 0.00 cd 395.66 ± 12.09de 367.11 ± 9.63e
45 165.02 ± 8.37a 253.72 ± 6.30ab 290.39 ± 21.17bc 374.39 ± 4.48 cd 392.10 ± 15.46de 490.36 ± 10.99e
60 179.61 ± 3.57a 268.79 ± 8.79ab 296.62 ± 18.37bc 374.92 ± 14.72 cd 392.28 ± 1.41de 522.57 ± 15.59e
 Ethanolic 15 437.92 ± 4.99a 392.78 ± 1.56b 324.57 ± 7.06c 252.56 ± 13.29d 125.54 ± 7.53e 125.07 ± 3.71f
30 444.27 ± 3.41a 347.34 ± 7.41b 291.27 ± 5.79c 246.02 ± 8.13d 183.89 ± 20.96e 86.37 ± 17.08f
45 428.96 ± 1.58a 349.19 ± 6.99b 274.27 ± 4.17c 192.05 ± 9.35d 182.55 ± 20.33e 71.95 ± 4.02f
60 414.98 ± 20.16a 324.53 ± 11.08b 247.75 ± 9.54c 180.61 ± 4.39d 129.26 ± 2.94e 69.10 ± 6.03f
  1. Values with different alphabetical letters for an extract are statistically different (p < 0.05)