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Table 1 Materials

From: Data mining of coronavirus: SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV

  SARS-CoV-2 SARS-CoV MERS-CoV
Microbiology Enveloped RNA virus Enveloped RNA virus Enveloped RNA virus
Outbreak period 2019-present 2002–2003 2012-present
Initial Site of isolation Wuhan, China Guangdong province, China Saudi Arabia
Countries 214 29 27
No. of cases (mortality) 1,033,187 (2.9%) 8096 (9.6%) 2494 (~ 34%)
Reservoir (intermediate host) Likely bats (pangolins) Bats (palm civet) Bats (dromedary camels)
Incubation period 2–5 days (range, 2–14 days) 2–7 days (range, 2–21) 2–7 (range, 2–14 days)
Infectivity, R0 2.5–3 2.2–3.7 (range, 0.3–4.1) 0.3–1.3
Super spreaders Yes Yes Yes (Uncommon)
Transmission (including to HCP) Droplet/direct, Airborne/Indirect Droplet/direct, airborne/indirect? Droplet/direct, airborne/indirect?
Treatment (PEP) Dexamethasone, Remdesivir Supportive (none) Supportive (None)
Infection prevention Droplet, contact, face shield Droplet, contact, face shield Droplet, contact, face shield