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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of the risk factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii infection in 400 serum samples collected from childbearing-age women in Alborz Province, Iran

From: Seroepidemiological study of toxoplasmosis in women referred to a pre-marriage counseling center in Alborz Province, Iran

Variable Positive serum no. (%) Negative serum no. (%) Odds ratio (95% CI) (bivariate analysis) p-value
Consumption of raw/undercooked meat
 Yes 9 (2.25) 4 (1) 9.84 (2.94–32.8) < 0.001
 No 72 (18) 315 (78.75)  
Contact with cat
 Yes 8 (2) 14 (3.5) 2.55 (1.03–6.34) 0.04
 No 69 (17.25) 309 (77.25)   
Occupation
 Housewife 49 (12.25) 181 (45.25) 1.74 (0.9–3.21) 0.76
 Othersa 32 (8) 138 (34.5)   
Education level
 Illiterate and primary 13 (3.25) 54 (13.5) 0.94 (0.48–1.82) 0.4
 Diploma and university degree 68 (17) 265 (66.25)   
Age
 ≥ 25 year-old 71 (17.75) 222 (55.5) 3.1 (1.53–6.27) 0.008
 < 25 year-old 10 (2.5)    
  1. a Students, employees and unemployed individuals. Statistical analysis was carried out using chi-squared analysis. Significance was set at p < 0.05