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Table 2 Clinical characteristics in patients with dengue, Leptospira and co-infections

From: Leptospirosis in febrile patients with suspected diagnosis of dengue fever

Clinical symptoms Total cases Dengue Leptospira Co-infection
n = 276 % n = 84 % n = 31 % n = 16 %
Headache 246 89.1 73 83.9 30 96.7 16 100.0
Myalgia 240 86.9 74 85.1 27 87.1 16 100.0
Arthralgias 229 82.9 71 81.6 28 90.3 14 87.5
Retroocular pain 199 72.1 60 69.0 25 80.6 13 81.3
Hyporexia 177 64.1 45 51.7 21 67.7 11 68.8
Nauseas/vomiting 137 49.6 40 46.0 13 41.9 7 43.8
Low back pain 158 57.2 54 62.1 14 45.2 15 93.8
Odynophagia 105 38.0 27 31.0 11 35.5 5 31.3
Rash 60 21.7 16 18.4 9 29.0 1 6.3
Abdominal pain 14 5.1 3 3.4 1 3.2 1 6.3
Platelet decrease 6 2.2 1 1.1 0 0 1 6.3
Petechiae 10 3.6 1 1.1 1 3.2 1 6.3
Epistaxis 4 1.4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gingivorrhagia 1 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hemoptisis 1 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chest pain 3 1.1 1 1.1 0 0 0 0
Altered mental status 1 0.4 1 1.1 0 0 0 0
Increase in hematocrit 5 1.8 1 1.1 0 0 0 0
Jaundice 1 0.4 0 0 0 0 1 6.3
Gynecorrhagia 1 0.4 0 0 1 3.2 0 0
Melaena 1 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Decrease diuresis 1 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Echimosis 1 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Persistent vomiting 5 1.8 1 1.1 0 0 1 6.3
Hypothermia 3 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lipotimia 3 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hypotension 1 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chills 2 0.7 1 1.1 0 0 0 0
Cough 1 0.4 1 1.1 0 0 0 0