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Table 1 Demographic and clinical data of controlled and uncontrolled T2DM

From: Characterization of the gut microbiota in diabetes mellitus II patients with adequate and inadequate metabolic control

Demographic characteristics Total participants (n = 26) Controlled T2DM (n = 7) Uncontrolled T2DM (n = 19) P value
Male (%) 16 (62.0%) 4 (57.0%) 12 (63.0%) 0.8
Female (%) 10 (37.0%) 3 (43.0%) 7 (37.0%) 0.9
Mean age (SD)* 66.1 (± 9.9) 68.3 (± 9.7) 65.3 (± 10.2) 0.5
Clinical data
 Overweight/obesity (%) 15 (57.7%) 3 (42.8%) 12 (63.0%) 0.5
 Mean HbA1c (SD)** 8.9 (± 2.4) 6.3 (± 0.3) 9.5 (± 2.3)  < 0.01
 Mean BMI (SD)*** 28.5 (± 4.8) 27.9 (± 5.0) 28.8 (± 4.8) 0.7
 Mean time since disease onset (SD)* 18.7 (± 10.7) 16.5 (± 9.2) 19.5 (± 11.3) 0.5
 Dyslypidemia (%) 10 (38.5%) 2 (28.3%) 8 (42.0%) 0.7
 Hypertension (%) 18 (69.2%) 7 (100%) 11 (57.0%) 0.04
 Retinopathy (%) 6 (23.0%) 0 (0.0%) 6 (31.6%)
 Neuropathy (%) 13 (50.0%) 2 (28.6%) 11 (57.9%) 0.4
  1. *Mean in years, **in percentage (%), ***in Kg/m2