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Table 1 Assessment of the association between dietary carbohydrate intake and inflammatory markers

From: High carbohydrate intakes may predict more inflammatory status than high fat intakes in pre-menopause women with overweight or obesity: a cross-sectional study

Inflammatory biomarkers Model Beta CI 95% P value
CRP (mg/L) Model 1 0.00 − 0.37 to 0.37 0.96
Model 2 0.05 − 0.26 to 0.58 0.45
IL-1β (mg/L) Model 1 − 0.09 − 0.18 to 0.07 0.40
Model 2 − 0.09 − 0.21 to 0.11 0.51
TGF-β (mg/L) Model 1 0.57 5.63 to 104.45 0.03
Model 2 1.23 52.71 to 184.40 0.003
Galectin-3 (mg/L) Model 1 − 0.19 − 1.84 to 0.13 0.09
Model 2 − 0.28 − 2.43 to − 0.01 0.04
MCP-1 (mg/L) Model 1 0.23 2.53 to 11.38 0.002
Model 2 0.29 3.28 to 14.02 0.002
  1. Multiple linear regression analysis
  2. CRP C-reactive protein, IL1β interleukin 1 beta, TGF-β transforming growth factor beta, MCP-1 monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, Model 1 Crude model, Model 2 adjusted model for age, BMI physical activity and calorie intake