Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptives

From: Problematic familial alcohol use and heavy episodic drinking among upper secondary students: a moderator analysis of teacher-rated school ethos

  n %   
Student level
 Heavy episodic drinking 1405 29.8   
 Problematic familial alcohol use
  No 4128 87.7   
  Yes 581 12.3   
 Gender
  Boy 2177 46.2   
  Girl 2532 53.8   
 Family structure
  Two-parent household 3025 64.2   
  Other 1684 35.8   
 Parental university education
  No or not known 1537 32.6   
  At least one parent 3172 67.4   
 Migration background
  ≥ 10 years in Sweden 4285 91.0   
  < 10 years in Sweden 424 9.0   
  Mean SD Min. Max.
School level (scale points)
 Overall school ethos (0–28.9) 62.7 6.1 46.4 75.3
 Sub-dimensions of ethos
  Staff stability (0–6.0) 8.8 1.3 4.7 11.7
  Teacher morale (0–7.3) 15.8 1.7 12.0 19.3
  Structure and order (0–9.0) 14.3 1.6 9.3 18.3
  Student focus (0–5.1) 16.6 1.1 13.9 19.0
  Academic atmosphere (0–4.8) 7.3 1.4 4.6 9.4
  % students with at least one parent with university education (0–100) 52.0 25.1 7.0 86.3
  % students with a foreign background (0–100) 40.9 21.4 6.0 95.7
  1. n = 4709 students in 46 upper secondary schools