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Table 3 Cross-level interactions between problematic familial alcohol use and one sub-dimension of ethos at a time

From: Problematic familial alcohol use and heavy episodic drinking among upper secondary students: a moderator analysis of teacher-rated school ethos

Cross-level interactions ORa 95% CI
Problematic familial alcohol use* 0.78* 0.65–0.95
Staff stability
Problematic familial alcohol use* 0.79* 0.65–0.97
Teacher morale
Problematic familial alcohol use* 0.95 0.77–1.18
Structure and order
Problematic familial alcohol use* 0.80* 0.65–0.97
Student focus
Problematic familial alcohol use* 0.79* 0.65–0.96
Academic atmosphere
  1. n  =  4709 students in 46 upper secondary schools
  2. aOdds ratios from two-level binary logistic regression analyses of heavy episodic drinking. All models are adjusted for gender, family structure, parental university education, and migration background at the student level, and for the proportion of students with parents with post-secondary education and proportion of students with a foreign background at the school level
  3. *p  <  0.05