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Table 1 Participants selected risk factors (n = 448)

From: Managing patients with heart failure: contemporary real-world experience

  Total-448
n (%)
Hospital Group-173 n (%) Clinic Group-275 n (%) P-Value
Age     < 0.001
 ≤ 75 years 255 (56.9) 71 (41) 184 (66.9)  
 > 75 years 193 (43.1) 102 (59) 91 (33.1)  
Gender     0.001
Coronary artery disease 217 (48.4) 80 (46.2) 137 (49.8) 0.46
Diabetes 150 (33.5) 67 (38.7) 83 (30.2) 0.06
Hypercholesterolemia 271 (60.5) 74 (42.8) 197 (71.6) < 0.001
Hypertension 292 (65.2) 135 (78) 157 (57.1) < 0.001
Peripheral vascular disease 27 (6) 18 (10.4) 9 (3.3) 0.02
Coronary artery bypass graft 98 (21.9) 37 (21.4) 61 (22.2) 0.84
Left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG) 52 (11.6) 22 (12.7) 30 (10.9) 0.56
Current smoker 70 (15.6) 25 (15.5) 45 (16.4) < 0.001
Ejection fraction     < 0.001
 Not done 57 (12.7) 57 (32.9) 0  
 Normal 54 (12.1) 41 (23.7) 13 (4.7)  
 Reduced < 50 337 (75.2) 75 (43.2) 262 (95.3)  
Angiography     < 0.001
 No disease 70 (15.6) 12 (6.9) 58 (21.1)  
 Single vessel disease 56 (12.5) 11 (6.4) 45 (16.4)  
 Double vessel disease 34 (7.6) 11 (6.4) 23 (8.4)  
 Tipple vessel disease 50 (11.2) 9 (5.2) 41 (14.9)  
 Unknown 234 (52.2) 126 (72.8) 108 (39.3)  
 Left main disease 4 (1.3) 4 (2.3) 0