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Table 1 Descriptive analysis of competition age (mean ± standard deviation) required to reach various performance levels based on FINA points

From: Competition age: does it matter for swimmers?

  FINA points
  1000–900 900–800 800–700 700–600 600–500 500–400 400–300 300–200 200–100 100–0
Males           
Subjects [n] 155 2167 8490 22,247 40,894 51,045 53,351 55,757 52,577 20,164
Chronological age [years] 23.5 ± 3.6 21.7 ± 3.3 20.1 ± 3.2 18.8 ± 3.4 17.7 ± 3.8 17.1 ± 4.9 16.3 ± 5.9 15.1 ± 6.3 14.3 ± 6.1 14.9 ± 7.0
Competition age [years]
 All events 7.7 ± 4.2 6.6 ± 3.8 5.2 ± 3.7 4.5 ± 3.4 4.2 ± 3.3 3.8 ± 2.9 3.0 ± 2.3 2.3 ± 1.6 1.8 ± 1.1 1.4 ± 0.9
 Butterfly 10.0 ± 3.7 7.4 ± 4.0 6.4 ± 3.9 6.0 ± 3.9 5.7 ± 3.7 5.3 ± 3.3 4.5 ± 2.7 3.6 ± 2.1 2.8 ± 1.6 2.4 ± 1.4
 Backstroke 8.9 ± 4.1 7.1 ± 3.8 5.2 ± 3.7 5.2 ± 3.8 5.0 ± 3.6 4.7 ± 3.3 4.0 ± 2.6 3.0 ± 1.9 2.1 ± 1.3 1.5 ± 0.9
 Breaststroke 6.2 ± 3.0 7.2 ± 4.0 5.9 ± 4.0 5.4 ± 3.9 5.1 ± 3.6 4.8 ± 3.4 4.2 ± 2.8 3.1 ± 2.1 2.1 ± 1.4 1.6 ± 1.1
 Freestyle 8.9 ± 4.1 7.0 ± 4.1 5.9 ± 3.9 5.1 ± 3.6 4.7 ± 3.4 4.3 ± 3.1 3.2 ± 2.3 2.4 ± 1.5 1.8 ± 1.2 1.4 ± 0.9
Individual medley 9.3 ± 6.1 7.7 ± 4.1 6.3 ± 4.0 5.6 ± 3.7 5.2 ± 3.3 5.0 ± 3.0 4.1 ± 2.4 3.1 ± 1.8 2.3 ± 1.3 2.4 ± 1.7
 50 m Freestyle 13.0 ± 0.0 6.8 ± 3.7 6.3 ± 4.0 5.8 ± 3.9 5.4 ± 3.7 5.0 ± 3.2 3.9 ± 2.5 3.0 ± 1.7 2.3 ± 1.3 2.0 ± 1.1
 100 m Freestyle 8.8 ± 3.8 7.3 ± 4.2 6.2 ± 4.0 5.5 ± 3.6 5.0 ± 3.4 4.5 ± 2.9 3.4 ± 2.2 2.6 ± 1.6 2.0 ± 1.2 1.6 ± 1.0
 200 m Freestyle 7.7 ± 5.0 7.0 ± 4.0 6.5 ± 4.0 5.5 ± 3.7 5.0 ± 3.3 4.8 ± 2.9 3.8 ± 2.3 2.9 ± 1.7 2.3 ± 1.4 1.9 ± 1.4
 400 m Freestyle 7.7 ± 4.0 6.4 ± 3.7 5.5 ± 3.9 4.9 ± 3.3 4.9 ± 3.3 4.7 ± 2.8 4.0 ± 2.5 3.1 ± 2.1 2.6 ± 1.6 2.6 ± 2.3
 800 m Freestyle 7.6 ± 5.6 7.3 ± 3.9 5.5 ± 3.6 5.4 ± 3.5 4.9 ± 3.3 4.9 ± 2.8 4.5 ± 2.8 3.7 ± 2.5 3.3 ± 2.4 3.2 ± 2.2
 1500 m Freestyle 9.2 ± 4.7 6.5 ± 3.7 5.6 ± 3.9 5.2 ± 3.4 5.0 ± 3.0 4.9 ± 2.8 4.3 ± 2.7 3.5 ± 2.4 3.1 ± 2.2 2.9 ± 0.9
Females           
Subjects [n] 111 1365 7026 19,673 39,591 54,373 58,562 54,930 37,143 9317
Chronological age [years] 21.4 ± 2.7 20.9 ± 3.8 19.1 ± 3.2 17.3 ± 2.9 16.2 ± 2.9 15.5 ± 3.7 15.0 ± 4.8 14.2 ± 5.6 14.0 ± 6.1 14.8 ± 7.3
Competition age [years]
 All events 8.0 ± 3.2 6.8 ± 3.9 5.0 ± 3.3 4.3 ± 3.2 3.9 ± 3.0 3.7 ± 2.7 3.0 ± 2.2 2.2 ± 1.5 1.6 ± 1.0 1.4 ± 0.8
 Butterfly 11.0 ± 4.6 7.0 ± 4.2 6.0 ± 3.6 5.6 ± 3.7 5.3 ± 3.4 5.0 ± 3.0 4.3 ± 2.6 3.3 ± 2.1 2.4 ± 1.5 1.9 ± 1.3
 Backstroke 7.4 ± 2.7 7.2 ± 3.9 5.5 ± 3.6 4.8 ± 3.6 4.5 ± 3.3 4.3 ± 2.9 3.7 ± 2.4 2.7 ± 1.8 1.8 ± 1.2 1.5 ± 1.0
 Breaststroke 9.4 ± 3.8 7.3 ± 3.8 5.6 ± 3.7 4.8 ± 3.6 4.5 ± 3.3 4.3 ± 3.0 3.9 ± 2.5 2.7 ± 1.9 1.8 ± 1.3 1.5 ± 1.0
 Freestyle 8.6 ± 3.1 7.2 ± 4.0 5.7 ± 3.7 4.7 ± 3.4 4.4 ± 3.1 4.2 ± 2.8 3.3 ± 2.2 2.3 ± 1.6 1.7 ± 1.1 1.4 ± 0.9
 Individual medley 8.4 ± 1.9 7.5 ± 3.9 5.8 ± 3.6 5.2 ± 3.5 5.0 ± 3.2 4.7 ± 2.7 3.8 ± 2.3 2.8 ± 1.7 2.3 ± 1.4 2.7 ± 2.4
 50 m Freestyle 8.3 ± 2.6 8.3 ± 4.7 6.1 ± 4.1 5.2 ± 3.6 5.0 ± 3.3 4.6 ± 2.8 3.5 ± 2.2 2.4 ± 1.5 1.7 ± 1.1 1.4 ± 1.0
 100 m Freestyle 8.8 ± 1.9 8.0 ± 4.4 6.0 ± 3.7 5.3 ± 3.5 4.8 ± 3.2 4.5 ± 2.8 3.5 ± 2.2 2.6 ± 1.7 1.9 ± 1.2 1.6 ± 1.1
 200 m Freestyle 10.3 ± 3.7 7.4 ± 3.9 6.0 ± 3.6 5.1 ± 3.4 4.9 ± 3.1 4.6 ± 2.7 3.7 ± 2.2 2.8 ± 1.8 2.2 ± 1.3 2.1 ± 1.5
 400 m Freestyle 4.0 ± 1.4 7.6 ± 4.2 6.1 ± 3.8 5.2 ± 3.3 4.9 ± 3.1 4.6 ± 2.7 4.1 ± 2.4 3.2 ± 2.0 2.6 ± 1.8 3.2 ± 2.7
 800 m Freestyle 7.3 ± 3.5 7.1 ± 4.3 6.4 ± 4.0 5.2 ± 3.4 5.3 ± 3.1 4.9 ± 2.7 4.5 ± 2.5 3.7 ± 2.4 3.4 ± 2.8 2.8 ± 1.7
 1500 m Freestyle 8.5 ± 6.2 8.8 ± 4.5 7.0 ± 3.8 6.1 ± 3.5 5.9 ± 3.3 5.7 ± 2.8 5.7 ± 2.7 5.0 ± 2.9 4.0 ± 2.2 2.6 ± 1.6