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Table 1 Recent studies that use the combination of photodynamic therapy and nanoparticles for inhibition of microbial biofilm

From: The application of selenium nanoparticles for enhancing the efficacy of photodynamic inactivation of planktonic communities and the biofilm of Streptococcus mutans

Year of publication
Nanoparticles Bacterial species Outcome
SeNPs Enterococcus faecalis Combination therapy remarkably decreased CFUs of one-day-old and root canal biofilm of E. faecalis in comparison with the control group
AgNPs Enterococcus faecalis Activation with PIPS and PUI increased the AgNPs efficacy irrigating solution for E. faecalis elimination from the root canal system
AgNPs Candida species PDT with the combination of MB and AgNPs did not have any effect on C. albicans. However, this combination therapy decreased the MIC value of C. parapsilosis
AgNPs Enterococcus faecalis The use of AgNPs leads to an increased in PDT efficacy
PNP Streptococcus mutans The combination of PDT with PNP could improve PDT outcomes
BSA nanoparticles loaded-methylene blue Candida albicans This drug delivery system could suppress the biofilm formation of C. albicans
  1. SeNPs, selenium nanoparticles; CFUs, Colony-Forming Units; AgNPs, Silver nanoparticles; PIPS, passive ultrasonic irrigation; PUI, photon-induced photoacoustic streaming; PDT, Photodynamic therapy; MB, methylene blue; MIC, minimum inhibitory concentration; PNP, Propolis nanoparticle