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Table 2 Quantile regression for size of OOPE on COVID-19 hospitalisation

From: Catastrophic health expenditure due to hospitalisation for COVID-19 treatment in India: findings from a primary survey

  OOPE Coef SE P value 95% CI
Residence Rural 1  
Urban 0 6327 1 − 12,541 12,541
Age 0–14 years 1  
15–39 years 0 16,819 1 − 33,320 33,320
40–59 years 0 16,607 1 − 32,820 32,820
Above 60 0 17,330 1 − 34,207 34,207
Sex Male 1  
Female 0 5906 1 − 11,612 11,612
Education Not literate 1  
Primary 0 9617 1 − 18,907 18,907
High school 0 10,129 1 − 19,914 19,914
12th standard 0 10,489 1 − 20,621 20,621
Graduation and above 0 14,725 1 − 28,950 28,950
Household size Up to 5 members 1  
Above 5 members 0 5925 1 − 11,648 11,648
Per capita household expenditure quintile Poorest 1  
Poor 0 8744 1 − 17,191 17,191
Middle 0 8412 1 − 16,538 16,538
Rich 0 8974 1 − 17,644 17,644
Richest 1000 9320 0.91 − 17,323 19,323
Type of hospital Public 1  
Private 133,000 6720 < 0.01 119,787 146,213
Duration of hospitalisation 0 613 1.1 − 1206 1206
Ventilator Used 19,000 12,060 0.11 − 4710 42,710
Anti-viral injection Used 40,000 8767 < 0.01 22,763 57,237
Oxygen (without ventilator) Used 5000 9347 0.5 − 13,376 23,376
Private insurance Insured − 2000 8888 0.8 − 19,473 15,473
  1. No. of observations: 413; pseudo R2: 0.37