Skip to main content

Table 1 Sample characteristics by group (N = 74)

From: Metabolic impact of a nutrition education program for the promotion of fruit and vegetable consumption with people with severe mental disorders (DIETMENT)

Variables Global population (N = 74) Intervention group (n = 37) Control group (n = 37) p-value
Age (years), mean (SD) 48.7 (10.8) 49.8 (11.4) 47.7 (10.3) 0.358
Sex (men), n (%) 41 (55.4) 21 (56.8) 20 (54.1) 0.815
Marital status, n (%)
 Single 46 (63.0) 19 (52.8) 27 (73.0) 0.374
 Separated or divorced 18 (24.7) 13 (36.1) 5 (13.5)
 Married or paired 9 (12.3) 4 (11.1) 5 (13.5)
Level of education, n (%)
 No studies 1 (1.4) 1 (2.7) 0.168
 Compulsory education 32 (43.2) 12 (32.4) 20 (54.1)
 Baccalaureate or training cycles 31 (41.9) 19 (51.4) 12 (32.4)
 Higher education 10 (13.5) 5 (13.5) 5 (13.4)
AVD support, n (%)
 No support 39 (52.7) 19 (51.4) 20 (54.1) 0.955
 Family or non-professional 20 (27.0) 10 (27.0) 10 (27.0)
 Professional 15 (20.3) 8 (21,6) 7 (18.9)
Main psychiatric diagnosis, n (%)
 Schizophrenia & related disorders 28 (37.8) 12 (32.4) 16 (43.2) 0.535
 Bipolar disorder 22 (29.7) 12 (32.4) 10 (27.0)
 Depressive disorder 19 (25.7) 10 (27.0) 9 (24.3)
 Personality disorders 3 (4.1) 1 (2.7) 2 (5.4)
 Obsessive compulsive disorders 2 (2.7) 2 (5.4)
 General diet quality index, mean (SD) 7.6 (2.9) 7.9 (2.9) 7.3 (2.8) 0.439
Physical activity, n (%)
 Insufficient 43 (58.1) 20 (54.1) 23 (62.2) 0.319
 Sufficient 31 (41.9) 17 (45.9) 14 (37.8)
Anthropometric variables, mean (SD)
 Weight (kg) 84.2 (18.1) 87.1 (17.5) 81.3 (18.5) 0.145
 BMI (kg/m2) 29.6 (6.3) 30.6 (5.6) 28.7 (6.8) 0.100
 Abdominal perimeter (cm) 103.8 (14.5) 105.1 (14.6) 102.6 (14.6) 0.164
Blood pressure (mm Hg)
 Systolic blood pressure 118.7 (15.1) 117.3 (15.1) 120.1 (15.3) 0.406
 Diastolic blood pressure 82.5 (9.9) 81.2 (10.2) 84.0 (9.5) 0.360
Laboratory tests, mean (SD)
 Basal glycaemia (mg/dl) 100.2 (36.5) 95.5 (28.9) 104.8 (42.4) 0.258
 Glycated haemoglobin (%) 5.8 (0.9) 5.6 (0.9) 5.9 (0.9) 0.286
 Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 199.9 (39.0) 203.2 (42.4) 196.7 (35.6) 0.405
 LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 118.3 (33.8) 123.0 (36.5) 113.5 (30.5) 0.189
 HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 51.5 (12.2) 50.6 (13.3) 52,3 (11.0) 0.354
 Triglycerides (mg/dl) 162.2 (111.2) 160.6 (86.9) 163.8 (132.1) 0.424
 Creatinine (mg/dl) 0.9 (0.2) 0.9 (0.2) 0.9 (0.1) 0.557
 Glomerular filtrate (ml/min) 82.7 (10.9) 82.0 (12.8) 83.4 (8.9) 0.903