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Table 2 Comparison before and after intervention of clinical and laboratory variables by group (N = 74)

From: Metabolic impact of a nutrition education program for the promotion of fruit and vegetable consumption with people with severe mental disorders (DIETMENT)

Variables Intervention group (n = 37) Control group (n = 37)
Pre Post p-value Pre Post p-value
Weight (kg) 87.0 (17.5) 89.0 (17.6) 0.006 81.3 (18.5) 81.4 (19.2) 0.432
BMI (kg/m2) 30.5 (5.9) 31.3 (5.9) 0.000 28.7 (7.0) 28.9 (6.9) 0.000
Abdominal perimeter (cm) 104.9 (15.2) 105.1 (15.8) 0.000 102.4 (15.0) 102.6 (14.3) 0.000
Blood pressure (mm Hg)
 Systolic blood pressure 115.6 (14.9) 118.1 (14.3) 0.108 119.4 (15.7) 122.8 (15.0) 0.206
 Diastolic blood pressure 80.7 (10.3) 82.7 (9.8) 0.177 83.2 (9.9) 82.2 (9.7) 0.492
Basal glycaemia (mg/dl) 95.5 (28.9) 107.5 (60.6) 0.111 104.8 (42.4) 106.0 (53.6) 0.777
Glycated haemoglobin (%) 5.6 (0.9) 5.8 (1.2) 0.103 5.9 (0.9) 8.3 (9.0) 0.239
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 203.2 (42.4) 201.2 (45.1) 0.618 196.7 (35.6) 195.1 (35.0) 0.668
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 123.0 (36.5) 120.8 (36.3) 0.662 113.5 (30.5) 109.8 (35.0) 0.352
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 50.6 (13.3) 51.6 (19.4) 0.182 52.3 (10.9) 55.4 (15.8) 0.306
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 160.6 (86.6) 167.4 (129.8) 0.953 163.8 (132.1) 163.2 (112.2) 0.802
Creatinine (mg/dl) 0.9 (0.2) 0.9 (0.2) 0.673 0.9 (0.1) 0.9 (0.1) 0.464
Glomerular filtrate (ml/min) 81.9 (12.7) 80.4 (13.2) 0.022 83.4 (8.9) 82.4 (8.4) 0.511
  1. Data are expressed as mean and standard deviation (SD), unless otherwise stated