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Table 1  Prices by type of insurance plan

From: Large variations in hospital pricing for standard procedures revealed

  Plan type  
   List price Cash price Medicare Medicaid Veterans/Tricare Commercial/Other Total P-value
Abdominal Ultrasound (reported by 1861 hospitals)   (N = 1447) (N = 2003) (N = 5083) (N = 2137) (N = 819) (N = 33,432) (N = 44,921)  
         < .0001
N 1447 2003 5083 2137 819 33,432 44,921  
Mean 1257.2 866.4 268.5 198.7 269.4 671.3 623.5  
SD 1265.96 1413.73 413.85 590.68 349.79 889.45 900.02  
Median 1036 617.6 118.4 113 112.8 532.5 444  
CV 101% 163% 154% 297% 130% 132% 144%  
IQR 738, 1557 321, 978 107, 199 70, 193 103, 302 232, 862 160, 833  
Range 23, 39,796 0, 42,640 2, 2589 0, 24,141 44, 2845 0, 37,806 0, 42,640  
Diagnostic Colonoscopy (reported by 1279 hospitals)   (N = 877) (N = 1181) (N = 3771) (N = 1350) (N = 572) (N = 21,532) (N = 29,283)  
         < .0001
N 877 1181 3771 1350 572 21,532 29,283  
Mean 4822.6 2940.2 907.4 674.3 959.8 2510.5 2275.7  
SD 8872.55 5421.44 611.37 633.9 1012.69 3101.48 3368.21  
Median 2706 1734.9 764 480.8 719.1 1913 1541.9  
CV 184% 184% 67% 94% 106% 124% 148%  
IQR 1585, 4249 1009, 2958 693, 895 375, 762 684, 794 1033, 3284 769, 2864  
Range 1, 93,050 0, 69,788 100, 9014 0, 7528 102, 13,212 0, 330,372 0, 330,372  
Kidney Function Blood Test Panel (reported by 1815 hospitals)   (N = 1398) (N = 1911) (N = 4118) (N = 1685) (N = 631) (N = 30,685) (N = 40,428)  
         < .0001
N 1398 1911 4118 1685 631 30,685 40,428  
Mean 253.8 191.5 43.7 35.8 52.6 143 133.1  
SD 733.74 569.6 315.64 234.88 164.1 550.96 528.43  
Median 161 85.2 8.7 9.4 8.7 73 57.9  
CV 289% 297% 722% 656% 312% 385% 397%  
IQR 89, 280 42, 157 9, 10 8, 17 9, 47 21, 153 12, 139  
Range 3, 18,435 0, 12,904 2, 6490 1, 6012 3, 2276 0, 17,513 0, 18,435  
Knee arthroscopic cartilage removal (reported by 908 hospitals)   (N = 519) (N = 772) (N = 2261) (N = 730) (N = 455) (N = 13,942) (N = 18,679)  
         < .0001
N 519 772 2261 730 455 13,942 18,679  
Mean 12,104 7853.5 2769.8 2252.1 3343.3 7872.6 7041.7  
SD 11,226.32 6895.23 1499.78 12,082.02 3711.02 7264.83 7473.17  
Median 9156.1 5541.4 2615.9 1486 2527.9 5738.4 4437  
CV 93% 88% 54% 536% 111% 92% 106%  
IQR 4499, 15,796 3009, 10,575 2377, 3029 823, 2148 2414, 2816 2707, 11,119 2482, 9302  
Range 210, 101,792 0, 40,717 100, 31,294 0, 324,864 215, 58,390 0, 226,444 0, 324,864  
MRI scan of brain (reported by 1846 hospitals)   (N = 1398) (N = 1975) (N = 4971) (N = 2047) (N = 783) (N = 31,902) (N = 43,076)  
         < .0001
N 1398 1975 4971 2047 783 31,902 43,076  
Mean 4979.9 3294.3 750.8 698.2 1011.3 2518.5 2316  
SD 2909.51 5889.33 752.65 849.78 1380.84 2334.74 2603.44  
Median 4370.1 2482.2 417.8 445.1 384.2 1943.1 1620  
CV 58% 179% 100% 122% 137% 93% 112%  
IQR 3114, 6112 1388, 3886 366, 823 293, 732 347, 1148 853, 3551 576, 3333  
Range 18, 26,472 0, 231,400 14, 8879 0, 8982 90, 11,255 0, 57,090 0, 231,400  
Pelvis CT Scan with Contrast (reported by 1776 hospitals)   (N = 1366) (N = 1900) (N = 4383) (N = 1748) (N = 738) (N = 29,987) (N = 40,122)  
         < .0001
N 1366 1900 4383 1748 738 29,987 40,122  
Mean 2875.7 1973.3 401.6 382.7 558.1 1459.8 1353.2  
SD 1783.58 3003.03 650.86 516.16 847.98 1909.08 1894.02  
Median 2478.5 1381.6 199.4 236.3 186.5 1192.9 1027.8  
CV 62% 152% 162% 135% 152% 131% 140%  
IQR 1754, 3366 822, 2223 177, 446 146, 400 168, 641 500, 1969 350, 1871  
Range 19, 14,317 0, 99,320 20, 12,678 0, 6012 62, 8435 0, 185,482 0, 185,482  
  1. MRI: magnetic resonance imaging; CT: computed tomography; SD: standard deviation; CV: coefficient of variation; IQR: interquartile range