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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate associations (Cox regression analyses with hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals) targeted to the outcome “clinical failure

From: Correction of hyperglycemia after surgery for diabetic foot infection and its association with clinical outcomes

Clinical failures, n = 255 Univariate Multivariate
Diabetic foot osteomyelitis 1.1, 0.8–1.5
Symptomatic peripheral arterial disease 1.1, 0.8–1.5
 Revascularisation 1.2, 0.9–1.5 1.1, 0.7–1.9
Number of consultations by Diabetes Nurse 1.3, 1.1–1.4 1.1, 0.9–1.3
Glycated hemoglobulin % at admission 1.0, 0.9–1.1 0.9, 0.8–1.1
Preoperative glycemia > 6.1 mmol/l 1.4, 0.9–2.0 2.2, 0.9–5.5
Glycemia at admission (continuous variable) 1.0, 0.9–1.1 1.0, 0.8–1.1
Normalized glycemia during hospitalization 0.8, 0.5–1.3 1.4, 0.6–3.2
 Normalized at day 3 0.8, 0.5–1.3 1.0, 0.4–2.3
 Normalized at day 7 0.6, 0.4–1.0 0.6, 0.3–0.3
 Glycemia at day 3 (continuous variable) 1.1, 1.0–1.1 0.2, 0.1–2.6
 Glycemia at day 7 (continuous variable) 1.1, 1.0–1.1 0.2, 0.1–1,4
Receiving insulin therapy 0.9, 0.7–1.2 0.8, 0.5–1.4
  1. Statistically significant results are displayed in bold and italic
  2. –: not included in the model due to interaction (effect modification) or lack of relevance to the study question