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Table 1 Overall multimorbidity prevalence (weighted)

From: A systematic method for comparing multimorbidity in national surveys

Number of disease conditions SADHS 2016 (%, 95% CI) SABSSM 2017 (%, 95% CI) NIDS 2017 (%, 95% CI)
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
No disease 48.6 (47.0–50.1) 55.8 (53.5–58.1) 41.8 (40.0–43.4) 71.9 (70.8–73.1) 78.6 (77.3–79.9) 65.9 (64.3–67.4) 74.5 (73.5–75.4) 76.0 (74.5–77.5) 71.7 (73.0–74.2)
1 disease 30.8 (29.5–32.0) 29.4 (27.5–31.2) 32.1 (30.6–33.7) 22.2 (21.2–23.2) 17.3 (16.1–18.5) 26.7 (25.4–28.0) 22.8 (21.8–23.8) 22.1 (20.7–23.6) 22.3 (23.4–24.6)
2 diseases 14.1 (13.2–15.1) 10.5 (9.4 – 11.8) 17.4 (16.2–18.7) 4.9 (4.5–5.4) 3.5 (3.0–4.0) 6.3 (5.7–6.9) 2.3 (2.1–2.6) 1.5 (1.2–1.9) 2.7 (3.1–3.5)
3 + diseases 6.6 (5.9– 7.3) 4.3 (3.5–5.2) 8.7 (7.8–9.8) 0.9 (0.7–1.2) 0.6 (0.4–0.9) 1.2 (1.0–1.5) 0.4 (0.3–0.5) 0.3 (0.2–0.5) 0.4 (0.5–0.7)
Multimorbidity (≥ 2 diseases) 20.7 (19.5–21.9) 14.8 (13.4–16.3) 26.2 (24.7–27.7) 5.9 (5.4–6.4) 4.1 (3.6–4.7) 7.5 (6.8–8.2) 2.7 (2.4–3.1) 1.8 (1.5–2.3) 3.6 (3.2–4.0)
  1. SADHS 2016: South African Demographic and Health Survey 2016. SABSSM 2017: South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence, Behaviour and Communication Survey 2017. NIDS 2017: National Income Dynamics Study 2017