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Table 3 Association of API and associated anomalies in neonates with ARM

From: Comparison and impact of associated anomalies on the anal position index in neonates with anorectal malformation

Associated anomalies API (mean ± SD) p-value
Vertebral anomaly
 Yes 0.35 ± 0.04 0.021*
 No 0.47 ± 0.07  
Heart anomaly
 Yes 0.42 ± 0.08 0.13
 No 0.47 ± 0.08  
Trachea-esophageal anomaly
 Yes 0.45 ± 0.12 0.68
 No 0.46 ± 0.08  
Limb anomaly
 Yes 0.42 ± 0.09 0.67
 No 0.46 ± 0.08  
Down syndrome
 Yes 0.44 ± 0.08 0.44
 No 0.46 ± 0.08  
  1. API anal position index, SD standard deviation
  2. *p-value considered significant if p < 0.05