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Health Services Research

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  1. Content type: Research article

    In the US, approximately 12.7% of all live births are preterm, 8.2% of live births were low birth weight (LBW), and 1.5% are very low birth weight (VLBW). Although technological advances have improved mortalit...

    Authors: Liza M. Creel, Sean Gregory, Catherine J. McNeal, Madhava R. Beeram and David R. Krauss

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2017 10:42

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Only an estimated 54% of people living with HIV are aware of their status. Despite progress scaling up HIV testing services (HTS), a testing gap remains. Delivery of HTS by lay providers may help close this te...

    Authors: David E. Flynn, Cheryl Johnson, Anita Sands, Vincent Wong, Carmen Figueroa and Rachel Baggaley

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2017 10:20

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Young adults (18–39 year-olds) have the lowest hypertension control rates among adults with hypertension in the United States. Unique barriers to hypertension management in young adults with primary care acces...

    Authors: Heather M. Johnson, Ryan C. Warner, Christie M. Bartels and Jamie N. LaMantia

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2017 10:9

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  4. Content type: Short report

    HIV care programs in resource-limited settings have hitherto concentrated on antiretroviral therapy (ART) access, but HIV drug resistance is emerging. In a cross-sectional study of HIV-positive adults on ART f...

    Authors: Ivan Namakoola, Ivan Kasamba, Billy N. Mayanja, Patrick Kazooba, Joseph Lutaakome, Fred Lyagoba, Anne A. Kapaata, Pontiano Kaleebu and Paula Munderi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:515

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  5. Content type: Short Report

    Developing new clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) can be time-consuming and expensive. A more efficient approach could be to adopt, adapt or contextualise recommendations from existing good quality CPGs so th...

    Authors: Janine Margarita Dizon, Shingai Machingaidze and Karen Grimmer

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:442

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  6. Content type: Short Report

    More people than ever receive care and support from health and social care services. Initiatives to integrate the work of health and social care staff have increased rapidly across the UK but relatively little...

    Authors: Vicky Ward, Lisa Pinkney and Gary Fry

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:437

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The elderly are considered as special population, as they differ from younger adults in terms of comorbidity, polypharmacy, pharmacokinetics, vulnerability to drug–drug interactions and adverse drug reactions....

    Authors: Fantaye Teka, Gebrehiwot Teklay, Eskindeir Ayalew and Terefe Teshome

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:431

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Community-based health insurance (CBHI) schemes are an emerging tool for providing financial protection against health-related poverty. In Ethiopia, CBHI is being piloted in 13 districts, but community experie...

    Authors: Abebe Sorsa Badacho, Kora Tushune, Yohannes Ejigu and Tezera Moshago Berheto

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:424

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  9. Content type: Short Report

    The awakening and breathing coordination, delirium, and early mobility (ABCDE) bundle is a multicomponent complex intervention that improves outcomes for critically ill adults yet is inconsistently implemented...

    Authors: Deena Kelly Costa, Jennifer Dammeyer, Matthew White, Jose Galinato, Robert Hyzy, Milisa Manojlovich and Anne Sales

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:408

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Provision of quality laboratory services is an essential aspect of a promoting safe motherhood and better outcomes for newborn. Therefore; this study was intended to assess status of focused antenatal care (FA...

    Authors: Daniel Melese Desalegn, Serebe Abay and Bineyam Taye

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:403

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Young patients with acute poisoning by substances of abuse have increased mortality rates in the long term. In Oslo, Norway, most of these patients are treated at the Oslo Accident and Emergency Outpatient Cli...

    Authors: Odd Martin Vallersnes, Mari A. Bjornaas, Cathrine Lund, Dag Jacobsen, Øivind Ekeberg and Mette Brekke

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:398

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Malawi, like many low-income countries, is facing a severe health worker shortage. A potential stop-gap solution to this crisis is improving the efficiency of health center operations. Given the lack of resear...

    Authors: M. A. Jafry, A. M. Jenny, S. J. Lubinga, E. Larsen-Cooper, J. Crawford, C. Matemba and J. B. Babigumira

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:363

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  13. Content type: Research Article

    Local collaboration of community organisations and healthcare organisations is seen as relevant for the efficiency and efficacy of health and social care because of their potential role in providing social inv...

    Authors: Wendy Kemper-Koebrugge, Jan Koetsenruijter, Anne Rogers, Miranda Laurant and Michel Wensing

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:331

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  14. Content type: Short Report

    Increasingly, theorists and academic researchers develop, implement and test frameworks and strategies for improving the safety, effectiveness and efficiency of health care—at scale. The purpose of this resear...

    Authors: Sonia Wutzke, Murray Benton and Raj Verma

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:327

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects women of reproductive age and manifests with adverse reproductive, metabolic and psychological consequences. Evidence-based PCOS guidelines recommen...

    Authors: Henry Ko, Helena Teede and Lisa Moran

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:311

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Blood is a valuable resource and blood wastage in a low socio economic country could impose a very serious impact on healthcare. This study therefore analyzes the usage and wastage of blood and blood products ...

    Authors: Rajini Kurup, Audrey Anderson, Cecil Boston, Lynn Burns, Marian George and Marana Frank

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:307

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  17. Content type: Research article

    According to the World Health Organization, the WHO surgical safety checklist can prevent complications, improve communication and contribute to postsurgical safety culture; hence, there is a need to investiga...

    Authors: Heiko Thereza Santana, Maria Cristina Soares Rodrigues and Maria do Socorro Nantua Evangelista

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:276

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  18. Content type: Research article

    There are many different methodologies used in the literature for determining the number of drugs used by a patient, and many are incompletely described. This may be attributable to the lack of a framework to ...

    Authors: Amber M. Goedken, Brian C. Lund, Elizabeth A. Cook, Mary C. Schroeder and John M. Brooks

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:272

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Although advance care planning (ACP) and the use of advanced care directives (ACD) and end-of-life care plans are associated with a reduction in inappropriate hospitalisation, there is little evidence supporti...

    Authors: Ronan O’Sullivan, Aileen Murphy, Rónán O’Caoimh, Nicola Cornally, Anton Svendrovski, Brian Daly, Carol Fizgerald, Cillian Twomey, Ciara McGlade and D. William Molloy

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:237

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Globally the number of children reaching school age is estimated to be 1.2 billion children (18 % of the world’s population) and rising. This study was therefore designed to determine the school health service...

    Authors: Olugbenga Temitope Kuponiyi, Olorunfemi Emmanuel Amoran and Opeyemi Temitola Kuponiyi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:203

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  21. Content type: Research Article

    Every year approximately one out of ten Danish patients contracts a healthcare associated infection (HAI). Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus are prominent in the group of pathogenic bacteria that underlie HA...

    Authors: Heidi Storm Vikke and Matthias Giebner

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:194

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Patient safety is being seen as an increasingly important topic in the healthcare fields, and the rise in numbers of patient safety incidents poses a challenge for hospital management. In order to deal with th...

    Authors: Indre Brasaite, Marja Kaunonen, Arvydas Martinkenas and Tarja Suominen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:177

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about access to primary care either prior to or following incarceration in Canada. International data demonstrate that the health of people in prisons and jails is poor, and access to primary c...

    Authors: Samantha Green, Jessica Foran and Fiona G. Kouyoumdjian

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:131

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Research Notes 2016 9:461

  24. Content type: Technical Note

    Health services researchers face two obstacles to sample size calculation: inaccessible, highly specialised or overly technical literature, and difficulty securing methodologists during the planning stages of ...

    Authors: Victoria Pye, Natalie Taylor, Robyn Clay-Williams and Jeffrey Braithwaite

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:90

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  25. Content type: Research article

    By profession, healthcare workers (HCWs) attend to clients and patients through a variety of preventive and curative services. However, while their attention is focused on providing care, they are vulnerable ...

    Authors: Olufemi Oludare Aluko, Ayobami Emmanuel Adebayo, Titilayo Florence Adebisi, Mathew Kolawole Ewegbemi, Abiodun Tolani Abidoye and Bukola Faith Popoola

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:71

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  26. Content type: Research Article

    Liver disease, one of the most common causes of hospitalization worldwide, is particularly prevalent in Europe. This study aimed to determine the number of hospital discharges and admissions, mortality, premat...

    Authors: Sofia Vitor, Rui Tato Marinho, José Gíria and José Velosa

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:62

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  27. Content type: Research article

    To promote active daily living and improve the quality of life of older facility residents, it is important that care staff understand their day-to-day activities and needs. However, only a few studies have ex...

    Authors: Tomoko Ohura, Takahiro Higashi, Tatsuro Ishizaki and Takeo Nakayama

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:52

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  28. Content type: Research Article

    Conventional wisdom suggests that out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure reduces healthcare utilization. However, little is known about the expenditure borne in urban settings with the current development of the priv...

    Authors: Idrissa Beogo, Nicole Huang, Marie-Pierre Gagnon and Djesika D. Amendah

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:34

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Vaccines are one of the most important public health interventions. Understanding factors associated with vaccine acceptance is critical. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the impact of the three c...

    Authors: Timothy L. Wiemken, Ruth M. Carrico, Robert R. Kelley, Laura E. Binford, Paula Peyrani, Kimbal D. Ford, Verna Welch and Julio A. Ramirez

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:813

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Our previous study into assessing hospital cleanliness in Japan by two common methods, ATP bioluminescence and the stamp agar method, revealed considerable variability in the data of both methods (BMC Research...

    Authors: Tomoko Shimoda, Rika Yano, Shinji Nakamura, Mitsutaka Yoshida, Junji Matsuo, Sadako Yoshimura and Hiroyuki Yamaguchi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:807

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Work-related physical activity (PA) and work ability are of growing importance in modern working society. There is evidence for age- and job-related differences regarding PA and work ability. This study analys...

    Authors: Christiane Wilke, Philip Ashton, Tobias Elis, Bianca Biallas and Ingo Froböse

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:803

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The Health (Pricing and Supply of Medical Goods) Act 2013 passed into law in July 2013 and legislated for generic substitution in Ireland. The aim of the study was to ascertain the knowledge and perceptions of...

    Authors: A. O’Leary, C. Usher, M. Lynch, M. Hall, L. Hemeryk, S. Spillane, P. Gallagher and M. Barry

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:790

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  33. Content type: Short Report

    Participant recruitment in clinical trials is often challenging. Building partnerships with healthcare organizations during proposal development facilitates access to the community and may influence its subseq...

    Authors: Mirjam M. Garvelink, Adriana Freitas, Matthew Menear, Nathalie Brière, Dawn Stacey and France Légaré

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:751

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  34. Content type: Short Report

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a major impact on patient health and health system resources. The prevalence of kidney disease is increasing, with Manitoba being one of the provinces in Canada with the highe...

    Authors: Krista Ryz, Navdeep Tangri, Mauro Verrelli, Jan Schneider, Amie Lesyk, Amanda Eng, Brett Hiebert, Reid H. Whitlock, Manish M. Sood, Claudio Rigatto and Paul Komenda

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:695

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Inpatient administrative data sources describe the care provided to hospitalized children. The Kids’ Inpatient Database (KID) provides nationally representative estimates, while the Pediatric Health Informatio...

    Authors: Brian D. Benneyworth, William E. Bennett and Aaron E. Carroll

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:693

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  36. Content type: Research Article

    In primary care, financial incentives have usually been directed to physicians because they are thought to make the key decisions in order to change the functions of a medical organization. There are no studie...

    Authors: Tuomo Lehtovuori, Timo Kauppila, Jouko Kallio, Marko Raina, Lasse Suominen and Anna Maria Heikkinen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:668

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Although Bangladesh has achieved tremendous success in health care over the last four decades, it still lagged behind in the areas of maternal and child malnutrition and primary health care (PHC). To increase ...

    Authors: Mohammad Abul Bashar Sarker, Md. Harun-Or-Rashid, Joshua A. Reyer, Tomoya Hirosawa, Yoshitoku Yoshida, Mohammod Monirul Islam, Md. Ruhul Furkan Siddique, Shaila Hossain, Junichi Sakamoto and Nobuyuki Hamajima

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:590

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Oral health care needs assessment is frequently restricted to clinical measures. Combining normative assessment, behavioural propensity, oral health-related quality of life and information of family living co...

    Authors: Fernanda Nunes Marques Alves, Carla Lourenço Tavares de Andrade and Mario Vianna Vettore

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:588

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The practice of identifying individuals with undiagnosed diabetes mellitus type II or undiagnosed hypertension by medical screening in dental settings has been received positively by both patients and dentistr...

    Authors: Göran Friman, Margareta Hultin, Gunnar H. Nilsson and Inger Wårdh

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:580

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Seven chronic disease prevention and management programs were implemented across Quebec with funding support from a provincial-private industry funding initiative. Given the complexity of implementing integrat...

    Authors: Sara Ahmed, Patrick Ware, Regina Visca, Celine Bareil, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Johanne Desforges, Roderick Finlayson, Martin Fortin, Josée Gauthier, Dominique Grimard, Maryse Guay, Catherine Hudon, Lyne Lalonde, Lise Lévesque, Cecile Michaud, Sylvie Provost…

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:571

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Low-income, African-American smokers are less likely to have resources to aid in quitting smoking. Narrative communication may provide an enhancement to traditional smoking cessation interventions like NRT, me...

    Authors: Andrea Cherrington, Jessica H. Williams, Pamela Payne Foster, Heather L. Coley, Connie Kohler, Jeroan J. Allison, Catarina I. Kiefe, Julie E. Volkman and Thomas K. Houston

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:567

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  42. Content type: Research article

    External quality assessment (EQA) of sputum smear microscopy is essential and indispensable component of any tuberculosis program. This study assessed the EQA of acid fast bacilli (AFB) smear microscopy throug...

    Authors: Desalegn Admassu Ayana, Zelalem Teklemariam Kidanemariam, Habtamu Mitiku Tesfaye and Fitsum Weldegebreal Milashu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:537

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Psychosocial Clubhouses provide recovery-focused psychosocial rehabilitation to people with serious mental illness at over 300 sites in more than 30 countries worldwide. To deliver the services involved, Clubh...

    Authors: Toby Raeburn, Virginia Schmied, Catherine Hungerford and Michelle Cleary

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:521

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Vaginal colonization with group B Streptococcus (GBS) is the predominant risk factor for the development of invasive neonatal GBS diseases and puts newborns at increased risk for morbidity and mortality. This ...

    Authors: Gebreselassie Alemseged, Selam Niguse, Haftamu Hailekiros, Mehamud Abdulkadir, Muthupandian Saravanan and Tsehaye Asmelash

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:518

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Patients who submit complaints about the healthcare they have received are often dissatisfied with the response to their complaints. This is usually attributed to the failure of physicians to respond adequatel...

    Authors: R. D. Friele, P. M. Reitsma and J. D. de Jong

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:529

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