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Infectious Diseases

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  1. Content type: Case Report

    Menstruation is the culmination of a cascade of events, triggered by the withdrawal of progesterone at the end of the menstrual cycle. Initiation of tissue destruction and endometrial shedding causes spiral ar...

    Authors: Fiona L. Cousins, Alison A. Murray, Jessica P. Scanlon and Philippa T. K. Saunders

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:30

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Dependence on methamphetamine remains one of the major health and social problem in the Western Cape province of South Africa. We consider a mathematical model that takes into account two forms of rehabilitati...

    Authors: J. Mushanyu, F. Nyabadza and A. G. R. Stewart

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:797

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (SNPT) in resource-limited countries is often solely based on clinical signs, chest X-ray radiography and sputum smear mi...

    Authors: Laure Stella Ghoma Linguissi, Christevy Jeannhey Vouvoungui, Pierre Poulain, Gaston Bango Essassa, Sylvie Kwedi and Francine Ntoumi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:804

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  4. Content type: Short Report

    Shigellosis is recognized as a major global public health problem especially in developing countries particularly in children under-5 years of age. Therefore; the objective of this study was to determine the p...

    Authors: Atsebaha Gebrekidan Kahsay and Zelalem Teklemariam

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:788

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal helminths infect more than two billion people worldwide. They are common in developing countries where sanitary facilities are inadequate. There is scarcity of documented data on the magnitude of in...

    Authors: Bahiru Terefe, Endalew Zemene and Abdurehman E. Mohammed

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:779

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  6. Content type: Short Report

    Recent studies have shown that certain human genetic polymorphisms could be associated with susceptibility to tuberculosis (TB) infection and disease. Advances in next generation sequencing include the ability...

    Authors: Carla Duncan, Frances Jamieson and Carolina Mehaffy

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:750

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasmosis was recently included as a neglected disease by the Center for Disease Control. Ocular toxoplasmosis is one clinical presentation of congenital or acquired infection. The laboratory diagnosis is ...

    Authors: Mariana Previato, Fábio Batista Frederico, Fernando Henrique Antunes Murata, Rubens Camargo Siqueira, Amanda Pires Barbosa, Aparecida Perpétuo Silveira-Carvalho, Cristina da Silva Meira, Vera Lúcia Pereira-Chioccola, Ricardo Gava, Plínio Pereira Martins Neto, Luiz Carlos de Mattos and Cinara Cássia Brandão de Mattos

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:746

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  8. Content type: Case Report

    Dengue is an arboviral infection that classically presents with fever, joint pain, headaches, skin flush and morbilliform rashes. The incidence of neurological symptoms and complications in dengue varies from ...

    Authors: Dissanayake Mudiyanselage Priyantha Udaya Kumara Ralapanawa, Senanayake Abeysinghe Mudiyanselage Kularatne and Widana Arachilage Thilak Ananda Jayalath

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:729

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  9. Content type: Case Report

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-caused pyogenic spondylitis is a serious complication associated with lumbar fusion surgery. Often, anti-MRSA drugs are not used properly or patients discontinue...

    Authors: Atsushi Yunde, Kazuhide Inage, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Miyako Suzuki, Yoshihiro Sakuma, Go Kubota, Yasuhiro Oikawa, Takeshi Sainoh, Jun Sato, Kazuki Fujimoto, Yasuhiro Shiga, Koki Abe, Hirohito Kanamoto, Takane Suzuki, Kazuhisa Takahashi…

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:708

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  10. Content type: Short Report

    Since treatment for latent cryptococcal infection (CI) before starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces mortality in HIV-infected subjects, screening for cryptococcal antigen (CrAg) in blood is recommended...

    Authors: Anton Reepalu, Taye T. Balcha, Tadele Yitbarek, Godana Jarso, Erik Sturegård and Per Björkman

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:702

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  11. Content type: Case Report

    Bleeding from gastric varices has high mortality rate, and obliteration using N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate is the treatment of choice. Recurrent bacteremia is rarely reported following the procedure. We aimed to repor...

    Authors: Bruno A. Randi, Daniel A. Ninomiya, Elizabeth L. Nicodemo, Beatriz C. Lopes, Eduardo R. Cançado and Anna S. Levin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:692

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  12. Content type: Case Report

    Rat bite fever is a relatively rare infectious disease due to infection with Streptobacillus moniliformis or Spirillum minus mainly via directs bite by rats, mice, or other rodents. If there is no clear bite hist...

    Authors: Takahito Nei, Akiko Sato, Kazunari Sonobe, Yoshihiko Miura, Kenji Takahashi and Ryoichi Saito

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:694

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  13. Content type: Case Report

    Lucio’s phenomenon is a rare manifestation of untreated leprosy which is seen almost exclusively in regions surrounding the Gulf of Mexico. Its occurrence elsewhere though documented is considered uncommon. We...

    Authors: Sandamalee Herath, Mitrakrishnan Rayno Navinan, Isurujith Liyanage, Nadeesha Rathnayaka, Jevon Yudhishdran, Janakie Fernando, Ganga Sirimanne and Aruna Kulatunga

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:672

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) are the leading independent global causes of death among patients with infectious diseases. Additionally, due to the shared immune defense mechanisms, ...

    Authors: Daniel Mekonnen, Awoke Derbie and Endalkachew Desalegn

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:666

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The seroprevalence of varicella in Southeast Asia is not well described especially in healthcare workers (HCW) in the region. We report the varicella seroprevalence among healthcare workers from a diverse rang...

    Authors: Alexander Wilhelm Gorny, Chikul Mittal, Sharon Saw, Indumathi Venkatachalam, Dale Andrew Fisher and Paul Anantharajah Tambyah

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:664

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  16. Content type: Research article

    This study was carried out to identify factors affecting the acceptability of voluntary HIV testing among pregnant women in a semi-rural city, Gamboma, Republic of Congo.

    Authors: Laure Stella Ghoma-Linguissi, Dagene Fruinovy Ebourombi, Anissa Sidibe, Thomas Serge Kivouele, Jeannhey Christevy Vouvoungui, Pierre Poulain and Francine Ntoumi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:652

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Neglected tropical diseases are of major concern to sub-Saharan African countries. Though efforts to monitor the prevalence and control are in place, these are mostly restricted to groups within the population...

    Authors: Kwabena O. Duedu, Yaw A. Karikari, Simon K. Attah and Patrick F. Ayeh-Kumi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:651

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Clinical improvements that follow antiretroviral therapy (ART) may lead to increase or resumption of high risk activities that could unintentionally result in HIV transmission. The objective was to investigate...

    Authors: Mirak Raj Angdembe, Shyam Prasad Lohani, Deepak Kumar Karki, Kreepa Bhattarai and Niraj Shrestha

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:629

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  19. Content type: Short Report

    Publishing negative seroprevalence studies not only helps to have more accurate seroprevalence estimates but also allows calculating the specificity of the diagnostic tests used. We performed a population-based T...

    Authors: Nicolás Padilla-Raygoza, Rubí Gamboa-León, Maria Jesus Ramirez-Sierra, Eric Dumonteil, Pierre Buekens, Ma Laura Ruiz-Paloalto and Rosalina Diaz-Guerrero

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:614

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  20. Content type: Short Report

    Primary HIV-associated thrombocytopenia (PHAT) typically improves with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART); however, cases continue to occur. Data comparing the epidemiology of PHAT between the pre-HA...

    Authors: Thomas A. O’Bryan, Jason F. Okulicz, William P. Bradley, Anuradha Ganesan, Xun Wang and Brian K. Agan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:595

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Malaria is a neglected tropical parasitic disease affecting billons of people around the globe. Though the number of cases and deaths associated with malaria are decreasing in recent years, it is the most dead...

    Authors: Yihenew Simegniew Birhan, Adnan Ahmed Bekhit and Ariaya Hymete

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:589

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs frequently in hospitalized patients and has been associated with the administration of certain medications. Concerns have been raised in recent reports that the antibiotic comb...

    Authors: Tiffany Kim, Sheetal Kandiah, Manish Patel, Saira Rab, Jordan Wong, Wenqiong Xue, Kirk Easley and Albert M. Anderson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:579

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  23. Content type: Case Report

    Liposomal amphotericin-B (Ambisome®) is widely used antifungal drug for treatments of invasive fungal infections. The use of liposomal amphotericin-B is increasing in medical setting because of its tolerability a...

    Authors: Mao Hagihara, Yuka Yamagishi, Jun Hirai, Yusuke Koizumi, Hideo Kato, Yukihiro Hamada, Katsuhiko Matsuura and Hiroshige Mikamo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:510

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Diagnosis of congenital Chagas disease occurs at 9 months of age, making effective treatment challenging due to loss to follow-up. Mobile health (mHealth) has been utilized to improve communication and treatme...

    Authors: Gabriela Cormick, Alvaro Ciganda, Maria L. Cafferata, Michael J. Ripple, Sergio Sosa-Estani, Pierre Buekens, José M. Belizán and Fernando Althabe

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:508

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that vitamin D supplementation improves well-being in patients with frequent respiratory tract infections (RTIs). We performed a post hoc analysis of a randomiz...

    Authors: Peter Bergman, Anna-Carin Norlin, Susanne Hansen and Linda Björkhem-Bergman

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:498

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Invasive candidiasis (IC) is a frequent and life-threatening infection in critically ill patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology of IC and the antifungal susceptibility of etiological ...

    Authors: Gerardo Aguilar, Carlos Delgado, Isabel Corrales, Ana Izquierdo, Estefanía Gracia, Tania Moreno, Esther Romero, Carlos Ferrando, José A. Carbonell, Rafael Borrás, David Navarro and F. Javier Belda

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:491

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is among the most common bacterial pathogens with wide spread distribution in health care settings. Despite advances in medical and surgical care and introductio...

    Authors: Temesgen Bekele, Amene Tesfaye, Tsegaye Sewunet and Habtewold Deti Waktola

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:488

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  28. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopia, where malaria and schistosomiasis are co-endemic, co-infections are expected to be high. However, data about the prevalence of malaria-schistosomiasis co-infection and their clinical correlation i...

    Authors: Sisay Getie, Yitayih Wondimeneh, Gebeyaw Getnet, Meseret Workineh, Ligabaw Worku, Afework Kassu and Beyene Moges

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:480

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Three equine influenza viruses, A/equine/Nador/1/1997(H3N8), A/equine/Essaouira/2/2004(H3N8), and A/equine/Essaouira/3/2004(H3N8), were isolated from different Equidae during local respiratory disease outbreak...

    Authors: Mohamed Boukharta, Souad Azlmat, Mehdi Elharrak and My Mustapha Ennaji

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:471

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  30. Content type: Research article

    In the Dutch 2007–2009 Q fever outbreak Coxiella burnetii was transmitted aerogenically from dairy goat farms to those living in the surrounding areas. Relatively few children were reported. The true number of pe...

    Authors: Edwin N. E. Slok, Frederika Dijkstra, Esther de Vries, Ariene Rietveld, Albert Wong, Daan W. Notermans and Jim E. van Steenbergen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:456

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Linezolid has been directly compared to vancomycin in pneumonia; however, most clinical trials have not compared outcomes specifically in the healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) population. The objective of...

    Authors: Kelly R. Reveles, Eric M. Mortensen, Russell T. Attridge and Christopher R. Frei

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:450

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In this study, we hypothesized that TB co-infection independently increases the risk of poor treatment outcomes in such patients even if they are on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Therefore, this study was aime...

    Authors: Jimma Likisa Lenjisa, Sultan Suleman Wega, Tefera Belachew Lema and Gemeda Abebe Ayana

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:446

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Influenza virus pandemics vary dramatically in their severity and mortality. Thus, it is very important to identify populations with high risks of developing severe illness to reduce mortality in future pandem...

    Authors: Luis Alberto Mata-Marín, José Antonio Mata-Marín, Velasco Claudia Vásquez-Mota, Carla Ileana Arroyo-Anduiza, Jesús Enrique Gaytán-Martínez, Bulmaro Manjarrez-Téllez, Luis Alberto Ochoa-Carrera and Jorge Luis Sandoval-Ramírez

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:432

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  34. Content type: Short Report

    Although anti-retroviral therapy has generally improved the survival of HIV infected patients in many developing countries including Ghana, specific socio-demographic factors could still influence outcome of t...

    Authors: Theophilus B. Kwofie, Michael Owusu, Mohamed Mutocheluh, Samuel Blay Nguah, Joseph Obeng-Baah, Charlotte Hanson and Albert Dompreh

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:413

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The concept of antibody dependent enhancement (ADE) of dengue virus (DENV) infection is a cornerstone of our current understanding of dengue pathogenesis, although some questions as to the mechanism remain, pa...

    Authors: Nitwara Wikan, Sirikwan Libsittikul, Sutee Yoksan, Prasert Auewarakul and Duncan R. Smith

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:399

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most commonly isolated bacteria in human pathology. In Morocco the data concerning the nature and the rates of antibiotic resistance of E. coli in bot...

    Authors: Nabil Alem, Mohammed Frikh, Abdellatif Srifi, Adil Maleb, Mariama Chadli, Yassine Sekhsokh, Lhoucin Louzi, Azzedine Ibrahimi, Abdelhay Lemnouer and Mostafa Elouennass

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:392

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The collection of blood cultures is an extremely important method in the management of patients with suspected infection. Microbiology laboratories should monitor blood culture collection.

    Authors: Lariessa Neves, Alexandre Rodrigues Marra, Thiago Zinsly Sampaio Camargo, Maura Cristina dos Santos, Flávia Zulin, Patrícia Candido da Silva, Natália Ariede de Moura, Elivane da Silva Victor, Jacyr Pasternak, Oscar Fernando Pavão dos Santos, Michael B. Edmond and Marines Dalla Valle Martino

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:383

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes have been shown to be differently distributed between distinct geographical areas. Libya is a large country has the longest coast in the Mediterranean basin. Information regar...

    Authors: Mohamed A Daw, Abdallah El-Bouzedi and Aghnaya A Dau

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:367

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  39. Content type: Case Report

    Treatment of a multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patient is clinically challenging, requiring a minimum of 18 months of therapy. Its occurrence in a systemic lupus erythromatosus (SLE) patient may com...

    Authors: Kunchok Dorjee, Kerry L Dierberg, Tsetan D Sadutshang and Arthur L Reingold

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:337

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies have tried to identify host genetic variants that could explain severe cases and deaths in infection with Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, especially among children and young adults. CCR5 is a chemokine ...

    Authors: Alvino Maestri, Mirleide Cordeiro dos Santos, Elzemar M Ribeiro-Rodrigues, Wyller Alencar de Mello, Rita Catarina Medeiros Sousa, Sidney Emanuel dos Santos and Vinicius Albuquerque Sortica

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:326

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Malaria and HIV infections are both highly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, with HIV-infected patients being at higher risk of acquiring malaria. HIV-1 infection is known to impair the immune response and may ...

    Authors: Erick Kipkoech Rutto, Joshua Nyagol, Julius Oyugi, Samson Ndege, Noel Onyango, Andrew Obala, Chrispinus J Simiyu, Gye Boor, Winfrida Chelangat Cheriro, Barasa Otsyula and Ben Estambale

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:303

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  42. Content type: Short Report

    The duration of the stages of HAT is an important factor in epidemiological studies and intervention planning. Previously, we published estimates of the duration of the haemo-lymphatic stage 1 and meningo-enc...

    Authors: Francesco Checchi, Sebastian Funk, Daniel Chandramohan, Daniel T Haydon and François Chappuis

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:292

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Fever is a common clinical symptom in children attending hospital outpatient clinics in rural Tanzania, yet there is still a paucity of data on the burden of bloodstream bacterial infection among these patients.

    Authors: Coline Mahende, Billy Ngasala, John Lusingu, Allvan Butichi, Paminus Lushino, Martha Lemnge, Bruno Mmbando and Zul Premji

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:289

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  44. Content type: Case Report

    Listeria monocytogenes is a facultative intracellular parasitic bacterium that is Gram positive, catalase positive, oxidase negative, and a facultative anaerobe. It is known to infect humans th...

    Authors: Masamichi Itoga, Yuko Asari, Takeshi Morimoto, Kageaki Taima, Kunihiko Nakamura, Yoshihito Tanaka, Hisashi Tanaka, Shingo Takanashi, Hiroyuki Kayaba and Ken Okumura

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:268

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Acute respiratory tract infections are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide. Many studies have described the frequency of viruses in hospitalized patients, but studies describing ...

    Authors: Rosa M Wong-Chew, Marco A Espinoza, Blanca Taboada, Fernando E Aponte, María A Arias-Ortiz, Jesús Monge-Martínez, Rubén Rodríguez-Vázquez, Fidel Díaz-Hernández, Fernando Zárate-Vidal, José I Santos-Preciado, Susana López and Carlos F Arias

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:261

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  46. Content type: Short Report

    There have been four strains on Manzanilla virus (MANV) identified to date. Here, we identify a novel MANV strain (DHL10M107) isolated from Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles mosquitoes from Ruili city, Dehong prefect...

    Authors: Yun Feng, Shi-Hong Fu, Wei-Hong Yang, Yu-Zhen Zhang, Biao He, Chang-Chun Tu, Guo-Dong Liang and Hai-Lin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:255

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Hematological parameters have not received much attention in small animal models of infection, particularly at very early time points. We therefore studied changes in leukocyte and thrombocyte numbers in a mou...

    Authors: Matthias Preusse, Klaus Schughart, Esther Wilk, Frank Klawonn and Frank Pessler

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:225

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