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Medical Research Methodology

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Clinical practice guidelines need to be regularly updated with current literature in order to remain relevant. This paper reports on the approach taken by the Philippine Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine (PAR...

    Authors: Ephraim D. V. Gambito, Consuelo B. Gonzalez-Suarez, Karen A. Grimmer, Carolina M. Valdecañas, Janine Margarita R. Dizon, Ma. Eulalia J. Beredo and Marcelle Theresa G. Zamora

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:643

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Systematic reviews (SRs) are widely recognized as the best means of synthesizing clinical research. However, traditional approaches can be costly and time-consuming and can be subject to selection and judgment...

    Authors: Cindy Crawford, Courtney Boyd, Shamini Jain, Raheleh Khorsan and Wayne Jonas

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:631

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this paper is twofold: (1) to describe the fundamental differences between formative and reflective measurement models, and (2) to review the options proposed in the literature to obtain overall ins...

    Authors: Maria Laura Avila, Jennifer Stinson, Alex Kiss, Leonardo R. Brandão, Elizabeth Uleryk and Brian M. Feldman

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:612

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  4. Content type: Research article

    It is important that scales exhibit strong measurement properties including those related to the investigation of issues that impact evidence-based practice. The validity of the Barriers to Research Utilization S...

    Authors: Brett Williams, Ted Brown and Shane Costello

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:601

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Low response rates and inadequate question comprehension threaten the validity of survey results. We describe a simple procedure to implement personalized—as opposed to generically worded—questionnaires in the...

    Authors: Monica Taljaard, Shazia Hira Chaudhry, Jamie C. Brehaut, Charles Weijer and Jeremy M. Grimshaw

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:574

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Interviewing is one of the main methods used for data collection in qualitative research. This paper explores the use of semi-structured interviews that were conducted by students with other students in a rese...

    Authors: Elaine Byrne, Ruairi Brugha, Eric Clarke, Aisling Lavelle and Alice McGarvey

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:513

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Self-administered questionnaires provide a better alternative to disclose sensitive information in sexual health research. We describe the factors that determine the positive response (initial recruitment) to ...

    Authors: Lasantha S. Malavige, Pabasi Wijesekara, Dhanesha Seneviratne Epa, Priyanga Ranasinghe and Jonathan C. Levy

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:410

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  8. Content type: Correspondence

    A priori sample size calculations are used to determine the adequate sample size to estimate the prevalence of the target population with good precision. However, published audits rarely report a priori calcul...

    Authors: Scott Weeks and Alvin Atlas

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:282

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Electronic health records (EHRs) can provide valuable data for outcomes research. However, unlike administrative claims databases, EHRs lack eligibility tables or a standard way to define the benefit coverage ...

    Authors: Tzy-Chyi Yu and Huanxue Zhou

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:229

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Research Notes 2015 8:340

  10. Content type: Research article

    Assessing methodological quality of primary studies is an essential component of systematic reviews. Following a systematic review which used a domain based system [United States Preventative Services Task For...

    Authors: Seán R O’Connor, Mark A Tully, Brigid Ryan, Judy M Bradley, George D Baxter and Suzanne M McDonough

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:224

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  11. Content type: Short Report

    Research on the correlates of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) to date has used independent prediction equations for each behaviour, without considering that they are both part of the same c...

    Authors: Nana Kwame Anokye and Emmanuel Stamatakis

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2014 7:921

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  12. Content type: Research article

    A rigorous cross-cultural adaptation process of an existing instrument could be the best option for measuring health in different cultures, instead of developing a new tool, and prior to psychometric and valid...

    Authors: Anelise Daher, Judith Versloot and Luciane Rezende Costa

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2014 7:897

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  13. Content type: Research article

    To ensure that clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) form a sound basis for decision-making in health care, it is necessary to be able to reliably assess and ensure their quality. This results in the need to ass...

    Authors: Michaela Eikermann, Nicole Holzmann, Ulrich Siering and Alric Rüther

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2014 7:853

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Online focus groups (OFGs) are increasingly used as a method of data collection. Although their advantages for research have repeatedly been described, participants’ opinions about OFGs have seldom been studie...

    Authors: Marieke Zwaanswijk and Sandra van Dulmen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2014 7:756

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are used to evaluate lifestyle interventions but little is known about differences between patients returning valid and invalid responses, or of potential for bias in ...

    Authors: Judith A Cole, Paddy Gillespie, Susan M Smith, Molly Byrne, Andrew W Murphy and Margaret E Cupples

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2014 7:725

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  16. Content type: Research article

    A randomized intervention study, “Preventive consultations for 20- to 40-year-old young adults”, investigated whether preventive consultations with a general practitioner could help young adults with multiple ...

    Authors: Elsebeth Hansen, Kirsten Fonager, Kirsten S Freund and Jørgen Lous

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2014 7:632

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