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Microbiology

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  1. Content type: Research article

    In West Africa, penicillin, macrolide and lincosamide resistance among beta-haemolytic streptococci (BHS) isolates has rarely been described. However, such data are critical to detect and track the emergence o...

    Authors: Ebenezer Foster-Nyarko, Brenda Kwambana, Fatima Ceesay, Kaddijatou Jawneh, Saffiatou Darboe, Sarah N. Mulwa, Buntung Ceesay, Ousman O. Secka, Ifedayo Adetifa and Martin Antonio

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2017 10:106

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Prevailing data on rifampicin-resistant M. tuberculosis is essential for early management of MDR-TB. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of rifampicin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculo...

    Authors: Wondemagegn Mulu, Bayeh Abera, Mulat Yimer, Tadesse Hailu, Haimanot Ayele and Dereje Abate

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2017 10:8

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Onychomycosis is an infection of the nail unit by a fungus. This is a very common infection amongst diabetics. Its occurrence among diabetics in Fako division is unknown. In this study we provide information o...

    Authors: Marvlyn Eba, Anna Longdoh Njunda, Rene Njikam Mouliom, Emmanuel Tebit Kwenti, Anold Nsoh Fuh, Gordon Takop Nchanji and Julius Atashili

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:494

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Maternal cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Rubella infections result in adverse neonatal outcomes. Both CMV and Rubella are more widespread in developing countries and in communities with lower socioeconomic status. T...

    Authors: Yeshwondm Mamuye, Balkachew Nigatu, Delayehu Bekele and Mekonen Getahun

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:476

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  5. Content type: Case report

    There are increasing reports on nosocomial Mycobacterium massiliense infection, but septic arthritis and osteomyelitis because of that microorganism is rare. This report focuses on the clinical aspects of M. mass...

    Authors: Haekyung Lee, Dohui Hwang, Minchul Jeon, Eunjung Lee, Taehyong Kim, Shi Nae Yu, Yongbeom Kim and Byung-ill Lee

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:443

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Shigella, gram negative bacterium, is responsible for Shigellosis/bacillary dysentery. It is a global concern although it predominates in developing countries. These are Shigella dysen...

    Authors: Atsebaha Gebrekidan Kahsay and Saravanan Muthupandian

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:422

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  7. Content type: Short Report

    Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) causes diarrheal disease. Antigenic and structural heterogeneity among ETEC colonization factors has complicated vaccine development efforts. Identifying and characterizing...

    Authors: Michael P. Hays, Aaron C. Ericsson, Yang Yang and Philip R. Hardwidge

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:401

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  8. Content type: Short Report

    Staphylococcus aureus is a versatile pathogen expressing a number of virulence-associated adhesive molecules. In a previous study, we generated in a secretion-competent Escherichia col...

    Authors: Riikka Kylväjä, Tuomas Ojalehto, Veera Kainulainen, Ritva Virkola and Benita Westerlund-Wikström

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:389

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing bacteria are present as the serious public health problems due to their resistance to large number of antibiotics. The main aims of this study were to determi...

    Authors: Raju Bhandari, Narayan Dutt Pant, Asia Poudel and Mukunda Sharma

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:390

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  10. Content type: Technical Note

    Profiling of 16S rRNA gene sequences is an important tool for testing hypotheses in complex microbial communities, and analysis methods must be updated and validated as sequencing technologies advance. In host...

    Authors: Heather K. Allen, Darrell O. Bayles, Torey Looft, Julian Trachsel, Benjamin E. Bass, David P. Alt, Shawn M. D. Bearson, Tracy Nicholson and Thomas A. Casey

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:380

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus agalactiae (group B Streptococcus, GBS) is the most frequent pathogen isolated from neonates with invasive bacterial disease and responsible for serious infections in new...

    Authors: Abeba Mengist, Hemalatha Kannan and Alemseged Abdissa

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:351

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Healthcare associated infections (HAI) with multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria continue to be a global threat, highlighting an urgent need for novel antibiotics. In this study, we assessed the potential of fre...

    Authors: Annie H. Cheung Lam, Natalie Sandoval, Ritambhara Wadhwa, Janine Gilkes, Thai Q. Do, William Ernst, Su-Ming Chiang, Suzanne Kosina, H. Howard Xu, Gary Fujii and Edith Porter

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:337

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  13. Content type: Technical Note

    Nucleic acid purification methods are of importance when performing microbiota studies and especially when analysing the intestinal microbiota as we here find a wide range of different microbes. Various consid...

    Authors: Aina E. F. Moen, Tone M. Tannæs, Simen Vatn, Petr Ricanek, Morten Harald Vatn and Jørgen Jahnsen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:328

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Clinical diagnoses of fungal infections often rely upon culture techniques followed by microscopic examination of positive cultures and histopathological specimens. Culturing of microorganisms is prone to fals...

    Authors: Farida Sidiq, Matt Hoostal and Scott O. Rogers

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:293

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus suis is a swine pathogen that causes pneumonia, septicemia and meningitis. It is also an important zoonotic agent responsible of several outbreaks in China. S. suis strai...

    Authors: Léa Gauthier-Levesque, Laetitia Bonifait, Nathalie Turgeon, Marc Veillette, Phillipa Perrott, Daniel Grenier and Caroline Duchaine

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:273

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), a normal flora of nasal cavity, can cause minor to life threatening invasive diseases and nosocomial infections. Methicillin resistant strains of S. ...

    Authors: Shamshul Ansari, Rajendra Gautam, Sony Shrestha, Safiur Rahman Ansari, Shankar Nanda Subedi and Muni Raj Chhetri

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:214

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Enteric parasitic infection among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients has been a significant health problem in developing countries like Nepal. This study was undertaken to access the burden of enteric...

    Authors: Ananda Ghimire, Shiva Bhandari, Sarmila Tandukar, Jyoti Amatya, Dinesh Bhandari and Jeevan Bahadur Sherchand

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:204

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Corynebacterium ulcerans is a pathogen causing diphtheria-like illness to humans. In contrast to diphtheria by Corynebacterium diphtheriae circulating mostly among humans, C. ulcerans ...

    Authors: Chihiro Katsukawa, Kaoru Umeda, Ikuko Inamori, Yuka Kosono, Tomokazu Tanigawa, Takako Komiya, Masaaki Iwaki, Akihiko Yamamoto and Susumu Nakatsu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:181

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  19. Content type: Research article

    This paper describes a case of Salmonella cross-contamination in a food laboratory. In 2012, chocolate bars shipped from Belgium to the USA were prevented from entering the USA because a Salmonella Rissen strain ...

    Authors: Geertrui Rasschaert, K. De Reu, M. Heyndrickx and L. Herman

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:156

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that has long plagued humanity as the most commonly contracted STD and is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. With the emergence of HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases have als...

    Authors: Tshepo Malesela Mafokwane and Amidou Samie

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:102

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  21. Content type: Research Article

    Helicobacter pylori, a gram-negative bacterium, can cause gastritis, peptic and duodenal ulcers. It is considered an important public health problem for both developed and developing w...

    Authors: Shamshul Ansari, Rajendra Gautam, Hari Prasad Nepal, Shankar Nand Subedi, Sony Shrestha, Fuleshwar Mandal, Brihaspati Rimal and Muni Raj Chhetri

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:59

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage is a potential niche for spread and a risk factor for subsequent infections. Despite the fact that medical students are exposed to patients in the...

    Authors: Benard Okamo, Nyambura Moremi, Jeremiah Seni, Mariam M. Mirambo, Benson R. Kidenya and Stephen E. Mshana

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:47

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the most common causative pathogens of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) associated with severe neurological complications. There is a great need to develop prophylactic vaccine agai...

    Authors: Xiaowen Wang, Xiangqian Xiao, Miao Zhao, Wei Liu, Lin Pang, Xin Sun, Shan Cen, Burton B. Yang, Yuming Huang, Wang Sheng and Yi Zeng

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:42

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Mechanisms underlying the success of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in chronic lung infection among cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are poorly defined. The modA gene was previously linked to in vivo competitiveness of P. a...

    Authors: Simone Périnet, Julie Jeukens, Irena Kukavica-Ibrulj, Myriam M. Ouellet, Steve J. Charette and Roger C. Levesque

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:23

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  25. Content type: Short Report

    Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of severe lower respiratory tract illness in young children worldwide. Treatment options for severe RSV disease remain limited and the development of therapeu...

    Authors: Jennifer L. Harcourt, Melissa McDonald, Pavel Svoboda, Jan Pohl, Kathleen Tatti and Lia M. Haynes

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:11

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Methicillin-resistance in staphylococci is conferred by the mecA gene, located on the genomic island Staphylococcal Cassette Chromosome mec (SCCmec). SCCmec mobility relies on the Ccr recombinases, which catalyze...

    Authors: Miloš Stojanov, P. Moreillon and O. Sakwinska

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:828

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  27. Content type: Research Article

    Although the sensitivity of Wet mount technique is questionable, it is the major diagnostic technique for routine diagnosis of intestinal parasitosis in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of this study was the evalu...

    Authors: Mulat Yimer, Tadesse Hailu, Wondemagegn Mulu and Bayeh Abera

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:820

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Bloodstream infections (BSI) remain a major cause of mortality in patients with malignancies. We present the first report on the microbiological profile of bacteraemia and fungaemia among cancer patients in Gh...

    Authors: Noah Obeng-Nkrumah, Appiah-Korang Labi, Michael Ebo Acquah and Eric S. Donkor

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:742

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Military personnel are high-risk people for parenteral and sexually transmitted diseases such as hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Data regarding HBV and HCV prevalence among military person...

    Authors: Tigist Birku, Baye Gelaw, Feleke Moges and Abate Assefa

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:737

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Phage typing has been used for decades as a rapid, low cost approach for the epidemiological surveillance of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium. Although molecular methods are replacing phage...

    Authors: Manal Mohammed and Martin Cormican

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:728

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Raw milk, raw fruit juice and raw fish are enriched with essential nutrients for human diet but are prone to microbial contamination along the value chain. This cross sectional study was conducted to assess ph...

    Authors: Hezron Emmanuel Nonga, Helena Aminiel Ngowi, Robinson Hammerthon Mdegela, Eliud Mutakyawa, Gabriel Busungu Nyahinga, Robert William and Mtumwa Mohd Mwadini

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:727

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus suis serotype 2 is a major swine pathogen and zoonotic agent worldwide causing mainly meningitis and septicemia. Hyaluronate lyases are enzymes that degrade hyaluronic ac...

    Authors: Bruno Haas, Katy Vaillancourt, Laetitia Bonifait, Marcelo Gottschalk and Daniel Grenier

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:722

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  33. Content type: Short Report

    The bacterial stressed state upon temperature raise has widely been observed especially in Escherichia coli cells. The current study extended such physiological investigation on Bacillus spp. SUBB01 under aeratio...

    Authors: Md. Sakil Munna, Jannatun Tahera, Md. Mohibul Hassan Afrad, Ifra Tun Nur and Rashed Noor

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:637

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus suis serotype 2 is an important porcine pathogen and emerging zoonotic agent responsible for meningitis, of which different sequence types predominate worldwide. Though b...

    Authors: Jean-Philippe Auger, Myron Christodoulides, Mariela Segura, Jianguo Xu and Marcelo Gottschalk

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:607

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  35. Content type: Research article

    In India, since July 2012, at designated Microscopy Centers (DMCs) in 200 medical colleges, sputum smear examination for tuberculosis bacilli changed from Ziehl Neelsen (ZN) method to auramine based Light Emit...

    Authors: Badri Thapa, Lord Wasim Reza, Ajay MV Kumar, Ashish Pandey, Srinath Satyanarayana and Sarabjit Chadha

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:596

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  36. Content type: Research article

    C hlamydia spp. are obligate, intracellular bacteria that infect humans and animals. Research on these important pathogens has been hindered due to a paucity...

    Authors: Nicole M. Lowden, Laxmi Yeruva, Cayla M. Johnson, Anne K. Bowlin and Derek J. Fisher

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:570

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The quality of drinking water has always been a major health concern, especially in developing countries, where 80 % of the disease cases are attributed to inadequate sanitation and use of polluted water. The...

    Authors: Mohammed Yasin, Tsige Ketema and Ketema Bacha

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:541

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  38. Content type: Correspondence

    Here we present evidence to show that the pla gene, previously thought to be specific to Yersinia pestis, occurs in some strains of Citrobacter koseri and Escherichia coli. This means that detection of this gene ...

    Authors: Stephanie Hänsch, Elisabetta Cilli, Giulio Catalano, Giorgio Gruppioni, Raffaella Bianucci, Nils C. Stenseth, Barbara Bramanti and Mark J. Pallen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:535

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  39. Content type: Research article

    In Uganda, the emerging Uganda genotype of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the most common cause of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), and accounts for up to 70 % of isolates. Extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) is less studied in...

    Authors: Dan Wamala, Moses Okee, Edgar Kigozi, David Couvin, Nalin Rastogi, Moses Joloba and Gunilla Kallenius

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:398

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  40. Content type: Project Note

    With a preceding scrutiny of bacterial cellular responses against heat shock and oxidative stresses, current research further investigated such impact on yeast cell. Present study attempted to observe the infl...

    Authors: Md. Sakil Munna, Sanjida Humayun and Rashed Noor

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:369

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  41. Content type: Research article

    This study was undertaken to determine the susceptibility profile and the mechanism of antibiotic resistance in Group B streptococcus (GBS) isolates detected in vaginal and rectal swabs from pregnant women att...

    Authors: John Y. Bolukaoto, Charles M. Monyama, Martina O. Chukwu, Sebotse M. Lekala, Maphoshane Nchabeleng, Motlatji R. B. Maloba, Rooyen T. Mavenyengwa, Sogolo L. Lebelo, Sam T. Monokoane, Charles Tshepuwane and Sylvester R. Moyo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:364

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  42. Content type: Research article

    All organisms must synthesize the enzymatic cofactor coenzyme A (CoA) from the precursor pantothenate. Most bacteria can synthesize pantothenate de novo by the condensation of pantoate and β-alanine. The synth...

    Authors: Tara N Stuecker, Shanti Bramhacharya, Kelsey M Hodge-Hanson, Garret Suen and Jorge C Escalante-Semerena

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:354

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Doorknobs are inevitable points of hand contact. We monitored doorknob contamination in a university hospital using an ATP bioluminescence assay and stamp agar method. We selected grip-, lever-, push-, insert-...

    Authors: Naoko Kajigaya, Yoneji Hirose, Shinta Koike, Tomohiro Fujita, Norio Yokota, Satsuki Hata, Makoto Ikenaga, Noritada Kobayashi and Takashi Takahashi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:352

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  44. Content type: Short Report

    The Bacillus cereus Group consists of closely-related bacteria, including pathogenic or harmless strains, and whose species can be positioned along the seven phylogenetic groups of Guinebretière et al. (I–VII). T...

    Authors: Sara Esther Diomandé, Marie-Hélène Guinebretière, Benoit De Sarrau, Christophe Nguyen-the, Véronique Broussolle and Julien Brillard

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2015 8:329

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