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  1. Plasma microRNA (miRNA) has become a promising biomarker for detecting cancer; however, it remains uncertain whether miRNA expression levels in plasma reflect those in tumor cells. Our aim was to determine the...

    Authors: Junko H Ohyashiki, Tomohiro Umezu, Chiaki Kobayashi, Ryoko S Hamamura, Masami Tanaka, Masahiko Kuroda and Kazuma Ohyashiki

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:347

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The Kafue lechwe (Kobus leche Kafuensis), a medium-sized semi-aquatic antelope, is endemic to the Kafue basin of Zambia. The population of the Kafue lechwe has significantly dropped in the last decades leading to...

    Authors: Musso Munyeme, Hetron M Munang'andu, John B Muma, Andrew M Nambota, Demelash Biffa and Victor M Siamudaala

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:346

    Content type: Short Report

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  3. The occurrence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) - which may have serious, long-term effects on affected women, including faecal incontinence, despite primary repair - varies widely between countrie...

    Authors: Sari Räisänen, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Mika Gissler and Seppo Heinonen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:345

    Content type: Short Report

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  4. Hydrophobins are a family of small secreted proteins with a characteristic pattern of eight cysteine residues found exclusively in filamentous fungi. They have originally been divided into two classes based on...

    Authors: Britt G Jensen, Mikael R Andersen, Mona H Pedersen, Jens C Frisvad and Ib Søndergaard

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:344

    Content type: Short Report

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  5. Although many strain typing methods exist for pathogenic Escherichia coli, most have drawbacks in terms of resolving power, interpretability, or scalability. For this reason, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) is ...

    Authors: Swaraj Rajkhowa, Joy Scaria, Daniel L Garcia, Kimberlee A Musser, Bruce L Akey and Yung-Fu Chang

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:343

    Content type: Correspondence

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  6. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common adult leukemia in the western population. Although genetic factors are considered to contribute to CLL etiology, at present genomic aberrations identified ...

    Authors: Yeong C Kim, Yong-Chul Jung, Jun Chen, Ali H Alhasan, Parawee Kaewsaard, Yanming Zhang, Shuo Ma, Steve Rosen and San Ming Wang

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:341

    Content type: Short Report

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  7. Tuberculosis (TB) control is based on early detection and complete treatment of infectious cases. Consequently, it is important that TB suspects and patients can readily access medical care. This qualitative s...

    Authors: Raffael Ayé, Kaspar Wyss, Hanifa Abdualimova and Sadullo Saidaliev

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:340

    Content type: Short Report

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  8. Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is an infective agent found in ruminants and milk products, which has been suggested to increase the risk of gastrointestinal inflammation in genetically susc...

    Authors: Deborah J Nolan, Dug Yeo Han, Wen Jiun Lam, Angharad R Morgan, Alan G Fraser, Linda C Tapsell and Lynnette R Ferguson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:339

    Content type: Short Report

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  9. Social capital may influence health and the patterns of association differ according its dimension such as cognitive, behavioral, bridging or bonding. There is a few numbers of studies in Latin America which c...

    Authors: Carolina M Borges, Ana Cristina V Campos, Andrea D Vargas, Efigênia F Ferreira and Ichiro Kawachi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:338

    Content type: Short Report

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  10. Exploration of DNA methylation and its impact on various regulatory mechanisms has become a very active field of research. Simultaneously there is an arising need for tools to process and analyse the data toge...

    Authors: Arie Zackay and Christine Steinhoff

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:337

    Content type: Technical Note

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  11. Many young people report they want to stop smoking and have tried to do so, but most of their quit attempts fail. For adult smokers, there is strong evidence that group behavioural support enhances quit rates....

    Authors: Wolfgang A Markham, Christopher Bridle, Gillian Grimshaw, Alan Stanton and Paul Aveyard

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:336

    Content type: Project Note

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  12. The process of wound healing consists of several well distinguishable and finely tuned phases. For most of these phases specific proteins have been characterized, although the underlying mechanisms of regulati...

    Authors: Lars Steinsträßer, Frank Jacobsen, Tobias Hirsch, Marco Kesting, Caroline Chojnacki, Christoph Krisp and Dirk Wolters

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:335

    Content type: Short Report

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  13. The Dahl salt-sensitive rat, but not the Dahl salt-resistant rat, develops hypertension and hypovitaminosis D when fed a high salt diet. Since the salt-sensitive rat and salt-resistant rat were bred from the S...

    Authors: Myrtle Thierry-Palmer, Teclemicael K Tewolde, Neremiah L Emmett and Mohamed A Bayorh

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:332

    Content type: Short Report

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  14. Statistics on occupational accidents are based on data from registered employees. With the increasing number of immigrants employed illegally and/or without regular working visas in many developed countries, i...

    Authors: Giuseppe Mastrangelo, Ragnar Rylander, Alessandra Buja, Gianluca Marangi, Emanuela Fadda, Ugo Fedeli and Luca Cegolon

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:331

    Content type: Short Report

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  15. In nature, light is one of the most important environmental cues that fungi perceive and interpret. It is known not only to influence growth and conidiation, but also cellulase gene expression. We therefore st...

    Authors: Miklós Gyalai-Korpos, Gáspár Nagy, Zoltán Mareczky, André Schuster, Kati Réczey and Monika Schmoll

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:330

    Content type: Short Report

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  16. Smoking is currently accepted as a well-established risk factor for many oral diseases such as oral cancer and periodontal disease. Provision of smoking cessation care to patients with oral problems is a respo...

    Authors: Atsushi Saito, Makiko Nishina, Keiko Murai, Akiko Mizuno, Fumie Ueshima, Takemi Makiishi and Tatsuya Ichinohe

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:329

    Content type: Short Report

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  17. Flow cytometry utilizes signals from fluorescent markers to separate targeted cell populations for gene expression studies. However, the stress of the FACS process could change normal gene expression profiles....

    Authors: Ismail Zaitoun, Christopher S Erickson, Kathy Schell and Miles L Epstein

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:328

    Content type: Technical Note

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  18. The increasing prevalence of obesity in young women is a major public health concern. Few data are available concerning the epidemiology of malnutrition especially obesity among pregnant women in the developin...

    Authors: Duria A Rayis, Ameer O Abbaker, Yasir Salih, Tayseer E Diab and Ishag Adam

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:327

    Content type: Short Report

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  19. Mortality statistics from death registration systems are essential for health policy and development. Indonesia has recently mandated compulsory death registration across the entire country in December 2006. T...

    Authors: Chalapati Rao, Soeharsono Soemantri, Sarimawar Djaja, Suhardi, Timothy Adair, Yuana Wiryawan, Lamria Pangaribuan, Joko Irianto, Soewarta Kosen and Alan D Lopez

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:325

    Content type: Short Report

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  20. The adherence to policies of National TB Control Programme (NTP) to manage a case of tuberculosis (TB) is a fundamental step to have a successful programme in any country. Childhood TB services faces an unmet ...

    Authors: Nauman Safdar, Sven Gudmund Hinderaker, Noor Ahmed Baloch, Donald A Enarson, Muhammad Amir Khan and Odd Morkve

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:324

    Content type: Short Report

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  21. Purines such as adenosine and ATP are now generally recognized as the regulators of many physiological functions, such as neurotransmission, pain, cardiac function, and immune responses. Purines exert their fu...

    Authors: Kazunori Namba, Tokiko Suzuki and Hiroyasu Nakata

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:323

    Content type: Short Report

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  22. Micro-and minisatellites are among the most powerful genetic markers known to date. They have been used as tools for a large number of applications ranging from gene mapping to phylogenetic studies and isolate...

    Authors: Pascal Bally, Jonathan Grandaubert, Thierry Rouxel and Marie-Hélène Balesdent

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:322

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Different cell subpopulations in a single tumor may show diverse capacities for growth, differentiation, metastasis formation, and sensitivity to treatments. Thus, heterogeneity is an important feature of tumo...

    Authors: Jian Li, Kai Wang, Thomas Dyrsø Jensen, Shengting Li, Lars Bolund and Carsten Wiuf

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:321

    Content type: Hypothesis

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  24. The outcome of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains poor because of late diagnosis. We determined the performances of α -1-acid glycoprotein (AAG) and des-γ-carboxy prothrombin (DCP) for the di...

    Authors: Indra Bachtiar, Valentine Kheng, Gunawan A Wibowo, Rino A Gani, Irsan Hasan, Andri Sanityoso, Unggul Budhihusodo, Syafruddin AR Lelosutan, Ruswhandi Martamala, Wenny A Achwan, Soewignyo Soemoharjo, Ali Sulaiman, Laurentius A Lesmana and Susan Tai

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:319

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Aim - to survey members of Diabetes UK who had Type 2 diabetes and who used self monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG), to elicit their views on its usefulness in the management of their diabetes, and how they us...

    Authors: Katharine D Barnard, Amanda J Young and Norman R Waugh

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:318

    Content type: Short Report

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  26. Based on a report for one species (Scylla serrata), it is widely believed that mud crabs are relatively resistant to disease caused by white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). We tested this hypothesis by determining th...

    Authors: Naraporn Somboonna, Seksan Mangkalanan, Attasit Udompetcharaporn, Chartchai Krittanai, Kallaya Sritunyalucksana and TW Flegel

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:315

    Content type: Short Report

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  27. Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) of cervids including white-tailed (Odocoileus virginianus) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus elaphus ...

    Authors: Stephen N White, Terry R Spraker, James O Reynolds and Katherine I O'Rourke

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:314

    Content type: Short Report

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  28. The objective of this study was to establish baseline data on alcohol consumption patterns, behaviours and harms among amateur sportsmen in the Republic of Ireland.

    Authors: Anne M O'Farrell, Shane PA Allwright, Susan C Kenny, Gerry Roddy and Nazih Eldin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:313

    Content type: Short Report

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  29. The aim of this study was to determine physicians' opinion regarding pharmacovigilance feedback sessions. A survey was conducted in a teaching hospital, and the physicians who attended the sessions were invite...

    Authors: Antonio Vallano, Consuelo Pedrós, Antonia Agustí, Gloria Cereza, Immaculada Danés, Cristina Aguilera and Josep Maria Arnau

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:311

    Content type: Short Report

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  30. Mechanical strain plays a significant role in the regulation of bone matrix turnover, which is mediated in part by matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 and tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1. ...

    Authors: Yongming Li, Lin Tang, Yinzhong Duan and Yin Ding

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:309

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Burkholderia gladioli pathovar cocovenenans (BGC) is responsible for sporadic food-poisoning outbreaks with high morbidity and mortality in Asian countries. Little is known about the regulation of virulence facto...

    Authors: Nawarat Somprasong, Ian McMillan, RoxAnn R Karkhoff-Schweizer, Skorn Mongkolsuk and Herbert P Schweizer

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:308

    Content type: Technical Note

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  32. PKA is a ubiquitous, multi-subunit cellular kinase that regulates a number of different physiological responses in response to cAMP, including metabolism, cell division, and cardiac function. Numerous studies ...

    Authors: Linda C Enns, Kenneth L Bible, Mary J Emond and Warren C Ladiges

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:307

    Content type: Short Report

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  33. Locomotor performance in ecologically relevant activities is often linked to individual fitness. Recent controversy over evolution of extreme sexual size dimorphism (SSD) in spiders centres on the relationship...

    Authors: John Prenter, Diana Pérez-Staples and Phillip W Taylor

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:306

    Content type: Short Report

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  34. Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant hereditary disease characterized by multiple colorectal adenomatous polyps and frequent extracolonic manifestations. An attenuated form of FAP (AFA...

    Authors: Hong Tao, Kazuya Shinmura, Hidetaka Yamada, Masato Maekawa, Satoshi Osawa, Yasuhiro Takayanagi, Kazuya Okamoto, Tomohiro Terai, Hiroki Mori, Toshio Nakamura and Haruhiko Sugimura

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:305

    Content type: Short Report

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  35. Physical inactivity is one well-known risk factor related to disease. Physical activity on prescription (PAP) has been shown in some studies to be a successful intervention for increasing physical activity amo...

    Authors: Gerthi Persson, Ingvar Ovhed and Eva Ekvall Hansson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:304

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Cytokines are involved in the development of chronic diseases, including cancer. It is important to evaluate the temporal reproducibility of cytokines in plasma prior to conducting epidemiologic studies utiliz...

    Authors: Tess V Clendenen, Alan A Arslan, Anna E Lokshin, Annika Idahl, Göran Hallmans, Karen L Koenig, Adele M Marrangoni, Brian M Nolen, Nina Ohlson, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte and Eva Lundin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:302

    Content type: Short Report

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  37. CrMYC2 is an early jasmonate-responsive bHLH transcription factor involved in the regulation of the expression of the genes of the terpenic indole alkaloid biosynthesis pathway in Catharanthus roseus. In this pap...

    Authors: Sabah Hedhili, Marie-Véronique De Mattei, Yoan Coudert, Isabelle Bourrié, Yves Bigot and Pascal Gantet

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:301

    Content type: Short Report

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  38. Chitin synthase 3a (CHS3a) from Botrytis cinerea (Bc) catalyses the multiple transfer of N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) residues to the growing chitin chain. Chitin, a β-1,4 linked GlcNAc homopolymer, is an essenti...

    Authors: Hervé Magellan, Thierry Drujon, Annie Thellend, Annie Piffeteau and Hubert F Becker

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:299

    Content type: Short Report

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