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  1. Several lines of evidence suggest a possible functional role of Matrix metalloproteinase -2 (MMP-2) in obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of MMP-2 promoter polymorphisms in percentage body...

    Authors: Angharad R Morgan, Dug Yeo Han, John MD Thompson, Edwin A Mitchell and Lynnette R Ferguson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:253

    Content type: Short Report

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  2. Some oral antihyperglycemic agents may increase risk of hypoglycemia and thereby reduce patient quality of life. Our objective was to assess the impact of the severity and frequency of self-reported hypoglycem...

    Authors: Elizabeth Marrett, Larry Radican, Michael J Davies and Qiaoyi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:251

    Content type: Short Report

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  3. Dendritic cells (DCs) can take up an array of different antigens, including microorganisms which they can process and present more effectively than any other antigen presenting cell. However, whether the inter...

    Authors: Adane Mihret, Gezahagne Mamo, Mesfin Tafesse, Asrat Hailu and Shreemanta Parida

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:247

    Content type: Short Report

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  4. Tensioning of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction grafts affects the clinical outcome of the procedure. As yet, no consensus has been reached regarding the optimum initial tension in an ACL graft. ...

    Authors: Barry J O'Neill, Fergus J Byrne, Kieran M Hirpara, William F Brennan, Peter E McHugh and William Curtin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:244

    Content type: Short Report

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  5. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are important candidates for the development of vaccines because they are usually able to promote both humoral and cellular immune responses in mammals. We identified and characteriz...

    Authors: Marcilia P Costa, John A McCulloch, Síntia S Almeida, Fernanda A Dorella, Cristina T Fonseca, Diana M Oliveira, Maria FS Teixeira, Ewa Laskowska, Barbara Lipinska, Roberto Meyer, Ricardo W Portela, Sérgio C Oliveira, Anderson Miyoshi and Vasco Azevedo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:243

    Content type: Short Report

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  6. Wheat grains accumulate a variety of low molecular weight proteins that are inhibitors of alpha-amylases and proteases and play an important protective role in the grain. These proteins have more balanced amin...

    Authors: Susan B Altenbach, William H Vensel and Frances M Dupont

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:242

    Content type: Research article

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  7. cAMP is a ubiquitous second messenger involved in a wide spectrum of cellular processes including gene transcription, cell proliferation, and axonal pathfinding. Precise spatiotemporal manipulation and monitor...

    Authors: Kwan Pyo Hong, Nicholas C Spitzer and Xavier Nicol

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:241

    Content type: Technical Note

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  8. Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici (PST), an obligate fungal pathogen causing wheat yellow/stripe rust, a serious disease, has been used to understand the evolution of crop pathogen using molecular markers. Howev...

    Authors: Sajid Ali, Angélique Gautier, Marc Leconte, Jérôme Enjalbert and Claude de Vallavieille-Pope

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:240

    Content type: Technical Note

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  9. Fatigue can be triggered by previous perceived stress which may lead to impairment of performance and function. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between fatigue and perceived stress.

    Authors: Rüya D Kocalevent, Andreas Hinz, Elmar Brähler and Burghard F Klapp

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:238

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Vancomycin is an antibiotic of growing importance in the treatment of hospital infections, with particular emphasis on its value in the fight against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. However its usage...

    Authors: Daniel Savignon Marinho, Gisele Huf, Bruno LA Ferreira, Helena Castro, Carlos R Rodrigues, Valeria Pereira de Sousa and Lúcio M Cabral

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:236

    Content type: Short Report

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  11. Expression of apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), A-II, and H was previously observed at 16 to 50-fold higher levels in the fetal than the adult mouse lung. Here, sites of apoA-I, A-II, and H mRNA and protein accumul...

    Authors: Mélissa Côté, Pierre R Provost and Yves Tremblay

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:235

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Two types of lechwe antelopes exclusively exist in their natural ecosystems in Zambia; the Black lechwe (Kobus leche smithemani) and the Kafue lechwe (Kobus leche kafuensis). Despite inhabiting similar ecosystems...

    Authors: Musso Munyeme, John B Muma, Hetron M Munang'andu, King S Nalubamba, Clovice Kankya, Eystein Skjerve, Jacques Godfroid and Morten Tryland

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:233

    Content type: Short Report

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  13. In Arabidopsis, non-expressor of pathogenesis related genes-1, NPR1 has been shown to be a positive regulator of the salicylic acid controlled systemic acquired resistance pathway and modulates the cross talk bet...

    Authors: D Bhanu Priya, N Somasekhar, JS Prasad and PB Kirti

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:231

    Content type: Correspondence

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  14. The criteria for deciding who should be admitted first from a waiting list to a forensic secure hospital are not necessarily the same as those for assessing need. Criteria were drafted qualitatively and tested...

    Authors: Grainne Flynn, Conor O'Neill and Harry G Kennedy

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:230

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Moving a forensic mental health patient from one level of therapeutic security to a lower level or to the community is influenced by more than risk assessment and risk management. We set out to construct and v...

    Authors: Sarah O'Dwyer, Mary Davoren, Zareena Abidin, Elaine Doyle, Kim McDonnell and Harry G Kennedy

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:229

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Next generation sequencing (NGS) is widely used in metagenomic and transcriptomic analyses in biodiversity. The ease of data generation provided by NGS platforms has allowed researchers to perform these analys...

    Authors: Ram Vinay Pandey, Viola Nolte, Jens Boenigk and Christian Schlötterer

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:227

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The availability of array-based genotyping platforms for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for the canine genome has expanded the opportunities to undertake genome-wide association (GWA) studies to identi...

    Authors: Gonzalo Rincon, Katarina Tengvall, Janelle M Belanger, Laetitia Lagoutte, Juan F Medrano, Catherine André, Anne Thomas, Cynthia Taylor Lawley, Mark ST Hansen, Kerstin Lindblad-Toh and Anita M Oberbauer

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:226

    Content type: Short Report

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  18. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) that express the F4ab and F4ac fimbriae is a major contributor to diarrhoea outbreaks in the pig breeding industry, infecting both newborn and weaned piglets. Some pigs are...

    Authors: Mette Jacobsen, Susanna Cirera, David Joller, Gloria Esteso, Steffen S Kracht, Inger Edfors, Christian Bendixen, Alan L Archibald, Peter Vogeli, Stefan Neuenschwander, Hans U Bertschinger, Antonio Rampoldi, Leif Andersson, Merete Fredholm and Claus B Jørgensen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:225

    Content type: Short Report

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  19. The extent to which partnership synergy is created within quality improvement programmes in the Netherlands is unknown. In this article, we describe the psychometric testing of the Partnership Self-Assessment ...

    Authors: Jane M Cramm, Mathilde MH Strating and Anna P Nieboer

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:224

    Content type: Research article

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  20. A current challenge of coping with bacterial infection is that bacterial pathogens are becoming less susceptible to or more tolerant of commonly used antibiotics. It is urgent to work out a practical solution ...

    Authors: Qing-Ping Zeng, Na Xiao, Pei Wu, Xue-Qin Yang, Li-Xiang Zeng, Xiao-Xia Guo, Ping-Zu Zhang and Frank Qiu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:223

    Content type: Short Report

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  21. Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) Patients, infected with genotype (GT) 2 or 3 are treated with Peg-IFN and ribavirin (RBV) (800 mg/day) for 24 weeks. Treatment duration can be shortened to 12-16 weeks if a higher dos...

    Authors: Andreas Maieron, Sigrid Metz-Gercek, Thomas-Matthias Scherzer, Hermann Laferl, Gabriele Fischer, Martin Bischof, Michael Gschwantler and Peter Ferenci

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:220

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Male breast cancer (MBC) is a rare disease representing less than 1% of all malignancies in men and only 1% of all incident breast cancers. Our study details clinico-pathological features, treatments and progn...

    Authors: Mouna Bourhafour, Rhizlane Belbaraka, Amine Souadka, Hind M'rabti, Fouad Tijami and Hassan Errihani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:219

    Content type: Short Report

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  23. Spermatocytic seminoma (SS) is a distinct testicular germ cell tumor, representing less than 1% of testicular cancers. The clinical features that distinguish ss from classical seminoma are an older age at pres...

    Authors: Ghizlane G Raiss, Marwane M Benatiya Andaloussi, Soundouss S Raissouni, Hind H Mrabti and Hassan H Errihani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:218

    Content type: Short Report

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  24. Describing and evaluating miRNA inventories with Next Generation Sequencing is a goal of scientists from a wide range of fields. It requires high purity, high quality, and high yield RNA extractions that do no...

    Authors: Bastian Fromm, Philip David Harris and Lutz Bachmann

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:217

    Content type: Technical Note

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  25. Dengue infection has been an important and serious public health concern in Malaysia ever since its first reported case here in 1902. Nevertheless, to our knowledge, no nationwide investigation has been carrie...

    Authors: Nor Azila Muhammad Azami, Sharifah Azura Salleh, Hui-min Neoh, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria and Rahman Jamal

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:216

    Content type: Short Report

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  26. Biomedical researchers have long looked for ways to diagnose and treat cancer patients at the early stages through biomarkers. Although conventional techniques are routinely applied in the detection of biomark...

    Authors: Keivan Majidzadeh-A, Rezvan Esmaeili and Nasrin Abdoli

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:215

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Breast cancer is more common in Western Countries compared to African populations. However in African population, it appears that the disease tends to be more aggressive and occurring at a relatively young age...

    Authors: Peter F Rambau, Philipo L Chalya, Mange M Manyama and Kahima J Jackson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:214

    Content type: Research article

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  28. A number of allele replacement methods can be used to mutate bacterial genes. For instance, the Red recombinase system of phage Lambda has been used very efficiently to inactivate chromosomal genes in E. coli K-1...

    Authors: Veerle Derous, Francine Deboeck, Jean-Pierre Hernalsteens and Henri De Greve

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:213

    Content type: Short Report

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  29. The genomics era has produced an arsenal of resources from sequenced organisms allowing researchers to target species that do not have comparable mapping and sequence information. These new "non-model" organis...

    Authors: Michael N Romanov, Jerry B Dodgson, Rusty A Gonser and Elaina M Tuttle

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:211

    Content type: Short Report

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  30. There are currently no purification methods capable of producing the large amounts of fish rhabdoviral glycoprotein G (gpG) required for diagnosis and immunisation purposes or for studying structure and molecu...

    Authors: Paloma Encinas, Silvia Gomez-Sebastian, Maria Carmen Nunez, Eduardo Gomez-Casado, Jose M Escribano, Amparo Estepa and Julio Coll

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:210

    Content type: Short Report

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  31. Although popular tattoos are often regretted later on for different reasons. Nevertheless, tattoo removal is a complicated and costly procedure seldom providing satisfactory results. The aim of this study was ...

    Authors: Luca Cegolon, Vincenzo Baldo, Carla Xodo, Francesco Mazzoleni and Giuseppe Mastrangelo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:209

    Content type: Short Report

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  32. Haptocorrin is a vitamin B12-binding protein present in high amounts in different body fluids including human milk. Haptocorrin has previously been shown to inhibit the growth of specific E. coli strains, and the...

    Authors: Henrik R Jensen, Martin F Laursen, Dorte L Lildballe, Jens B Andersen, Ebba Nexø and Tine R Licht

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:208

    Content type: Short Report

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  33. Patients with pelvic mass are the most referred patients to gynecologist. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of three malignancy risk indices (RMI 1, RMI 2 and RMI 3) and CA-125 to discriminate ...

    Authors: Zinatossadat Bouzari, Shahla Yazdani, Mahmoud Haji Ahmadi, Shahnaz Barat, Ziba Shirkhani Kelagar, Maryam Javadian Kutenaie, Nargeuss Abbaszade and Fateme Khajat

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:206

    Content type: Short Report

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  34. The mounting evidence linking hypothyroidism during pregnancy with poor pregnancy outcome underscores the need for screening and, therefore, a search for more reliable and cheaper screening methods.

    Authors: Anthony U Mbah, Emmanuel C Ejim, Obinna D Onodugo, Francis O Ezugwu, Matthew I Eze, Peter O Nkwo and Winston C Ugbajah

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:205

    Content type: Hypothesis

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  35. This project will provide a comprehensive investigation into the prevalence of alcohol-related harms and community attitudes in the context of community-based interventions being implemented to reduce harm in ...

    Authors: Peter Miller, Darren Palmer, Nicolas Droste, Jenny Tindall, Karen Gillham, Anders Sonderlund, Emma McFarlane, Florentine de Groot, Amy Sawyer, Daniel Groombridge, Christophe Lecathelinais and John Wiggers

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:204

    Content type: Project Note

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  36. Leafcutters are the highest evolved within Neotropical ants in the tribe Attini and model systems for studying caste formation, labor division and symbiosis with microorganisms. Some species of leafcutters are...

    Authors: Cynara M Rodovalho, Milene Ferro, Fernando PP Fonseca, Erik A Antonio, Ivan R Guilherme, Flávio Henrique-Silva and Maurício Bacci Jr

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:203

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. The study of pulmonary biomarkers with noninvasive methods, such as the analysis of exhaled breath condensate (EBC), provides a useful approach to the pathophysiology of asthma. Although many recent publicatio...

    Authors: Nathalie Chérot-Kornobis, Sébastien Hulo, Jean-Louis Edmé, Virginie de Broucker, Régis Matran and Annie Sobaszek

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:202

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The present study aimed to address the suspected deficiency in the level of understanding of HIV/AIDS among clinical and pre clinical dental students at the University of Jordan. In this cross-sectional study,...

    Authors: Soukaina T Ryalat, Faleh A Sawair, Mohammad H Shayyab and Wala M Amin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:191

    Content type: Short Report

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