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  1. Prompt administration of adequate empiric antimicrobial therapy is a major determinant influencing the outcome of serious infections. The objective of this study was to describe empiric antimicrobial therapy e...

    Authors: Vikas P Chaubey, Johann DD Pitout, Bruce Dalton, Terry Ross, Deirdre L Church, Daniel B Gregson and Kevin B Laupland

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:116

    Content type: Short Report

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  2. In this paper a simple and cheap salting out and resin (InstaGene matrix® resin - BioRad) DNA extraction method from urine for PCR assays is introduced. The DNA of the fluke Schistosoma mansoni was chosen as the ...

    Authors: Martin J Enk, Guilherme Oliveira e Silva and Nilton B Rodrigues

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:115

    Content type: Short Report

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  3. There is a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among healthcare professional students. Although recent studies show musculoskeletal disorders are a common problem among X-ray technologists, there are ...

    Authors: Antonio Lorusso, Luigi Vimercati and Nicola L'Abbate

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:114

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Telomere length is a marker of cumulative damage to the cell, and has been associated with cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and diabetes.

    Authors: Emily W Harville, Michelle A Williams, Chun-fang Qiu, Julie Mejia and Rosa Ana Risques

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:113

    Content type: Short Report

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  5. We have previously reported a new nerve conduction measurement parameter which we named the Distribution of F-latency (DFL) and showed that this was an approximate mirror of the Distribution of Conduction Velo...

    Authors: Mohammad J Alam and Khondkar S Rabbani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:112

    Content type: Short Report

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  6. Osteoporosis is a well-established risk factor for fall-related hip fractures. Training fall arrest strategies, such as martial arts (MA) fall techniques, might be useful to prevent hip fractures in persons wi...

    Authors: Brenda E Groen, Ellen Smulders, Jacques Duysens, Wim van Lankveld and Vivian Weerdesteyn

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:111

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a human pathogen, representing an infection control challenge. Conventional MRSA screening takes up to three days, therefore development of rapid detection is...

    Authors: Sara Kolman, Haya Arielly and Yossi Paitan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:110

    Content type: Short Report

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  8. Clinical thermometry is the objective method for temperature measurements but tactile assessment of fever at home is usually the basis for seeking medical attention especially where the cost and level of liter...

    Authors: Felix O Akinbami, Adebola E Orimadegun, Olukemi O Tongo, Olubukola O Okafor and Olusegun O Akinyinka

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:108

    Content type: Short Report

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  9. There has been limited research on the impact of research funding for small, institutional grants. The IWK Health Centre, a children and women's hospital in Maritime Canada, provides small amounts (up to $15,0...

    Authors: Andrew J Caddell, Jill E Hatchette and Patrick J McGrath

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:107

    Content type: Short Report

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  10. Although typhoid transmitted by food and water is a common problem in daily life, its characteristics and risk factors may differ in disaster-affected areas, which reinforces the need for rapid public health i...

    Authors: Agung Budi Sutiono, Andri Qiantori, Hirohiko Suwa and Toshizumi Ohta

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:106

    Content type: Short Report

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  11. Infections with Salmonella serotypes continue to be a significant global public health problem. In addition to contaminated foods, several other sources contribute to infections with Salmonella serotypes. We have...

    Authors: Muhammad Younus, Melinda J Wilkins, Herbert D Davies, Mohammad H Rahbar, Julie Funk, Chau Nguyen, Azfar-E A Siddiqi, Seongbeom Cho and Mahdi Saeed

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:105

    Content type: Short Report

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  12. Cerebral malaria is the most severe neurological complication of falciparum malaria and a leading cause of death and neuro-disability in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to describe functional deficits and...

    Authors: Richard Idro, Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Stephen Balyejjussa, Grace Mirembe, Christine Mugasha, Joshua Tugumisirize and Justus Byarugaba

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:104

    Content type: Short Report

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  13. One of the main determinants of public immunization success is health professionals' support and recommendations. Little is known about the physicians' level of support and intentions regarding A(H1N1) pandemi...

    Authors: Eve Dubé, Vladimir Gilca, Chantal Sauvageau, Nicole Boulianne, François D Boucher, Julie A Bettinger, Shelly McNeil, Ian Gemmill, France Lavoie and Manale Ouakki

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:102

    Content type: Short Report

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  14. Due to the limited number of species specific antibodies against fish proteins, differential gene expression analyses are vital for the study of host immune responses. Quantitative real-time reverse transcript...

    Authors: Andrea A Peña, Niels C Bols and Sergio H Marshall

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:101

    Content type: Short Report

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  15. The ionic composition of the luminal fluid in the vestibular labyrinth is maintained within tight limits by the many types of epithelial cells bounding the lumen. Regulatory mechanisms include systemic, paracr...

    Authors: Satyanarayana R Pondugula, Nithya N Raveendran and Daniel C Marcus

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:100

    Content type: Short Report

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  16. The Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) phenotype caused by mutation in the myelin protein zero (MPZ) gene varies considerably, from early onset and severe forms to late onset and milder forms. The mechanism is not well un...

    Authors: Geir J Braathen, Jette C Sand and Michael B Russell

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:99

    Content type: Short Report

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  17. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is considered as a necessary, but not sufficient, cause of cervical cancer. In this study, we aimed to assess the prevalence of HPV in a series of pre-malignant and malignant cervica...

    Authors: José V Fernandes, Rosely V Meissner, Maria GF Carvalho, Thales AAM Fernandes, Paulo RM Azevedo, João S Sobrinho, José CM Prado and Luisa L Villa

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:96

    Content type: Short Report

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  18. Large phylogenies are crucial for many areas of biological research. One method of creating such large phylogenies is the supertree method, but creating supertrees containing thousands of taxa, and hence provi...

    Authors: Katie E Davis and Jon Hill

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:95

    Content type: Technical Note

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  19. Due to its high sensitivity, the Smith-Waterman algorithm is widely used for biological database searches. Unfortunately, the quadratic time complexity of this algorithm makes it highly time-consuming. The exp...

    Authors: Yongchao Liu, Bertil Schmidt and Douglas L Maskell

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:93

    Content type: Technical Note

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  20. Recently, the promise of a new universal long-term flu vaccine has become more tangible than ever before. Such a vaccine would protect against very many seasonal and pandemic flu strains for many years, making...

    Authors: Raffaele Vardavas, Romulus Breban and Sally Blower

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:92

    Content type: Correspondence

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  21. Cryptosporidiosis and strongyloidiasis have been reported to be associated with HIV/AIDS. The present study was designed to determine the prevalence of Cryptosporidium and Strongyloides stercoralis infections amo...

    Authors: Amde Getaneh, Girmay Medhin and Techalew Shimelis

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:90

    Content type: Short Report

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  22. Microarray data interpretation can be affected by sample RNA integrity. The ScreenTape Degradation Value (SDV) is a novel RNA integrity metric specific to the ScreenTape® platform (Lab901). To characterise the pe...

    Authors: Timothy M Wilkes, Alison S Devonshire, Stephen LR Ellison and Carole A Foy

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:89

    Content type: Short Report

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  23. The Relative Codon Deoptimization Index (RCDI) was developed by Mueller et al. (2006) as measure of codon deoptimization by comparing how similar is the codon usage of a gene and the codon usage of a reference...

    Authors: Pere Puigbò, Lluís Aragonès and Santiago Garcia-Vallvé

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:87

    Content type: Technical Note

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  24. The ubiquitin-based molecular switch dictating error free versus error prone repair has been conserved throughout eukaryotic evolution. A central component of this switch is the homotrimeric clamp PCNA, which ...

    Authors: Jan Brun, Roland K Chiu, Bradly G Wouters and Douglas A Gray

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:85

    Content type: Short Report

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  25. Typically, electrodes for Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) are used for chronic stimulation. However, there are conditions where this therapy has to be discontinued. In such cases using the DBS electrodes as a too...

    Authors: Thomas L Hauska, Hermann Lanmüller, Wolfgang Kainz and François Alesch

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:84

    Content type: Short Report

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  26. Chronic diseases cause an ever-increasing percentage of morbidity and mortality, but many have modifiable risk factors. Many behaviors that predispose or protect an individual to chronic disease are interrelat...

    Authors: Federico Alonso, Carolyn O Walsh and Luis Salvador-Carulla

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:83

    Content type: Project Note

    Published on:

  27. Many breastfeeding women seek medical care from general practitioners (GPs) for various health problems and GPs may consider prescribing medicines in these consultations. Prescribing medicines to a breastfeedi...

    Authors: Hiranya S Jayawickrama, Lisa H Amir and Marie V Pirotta

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:82

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Large scale microarray experiments are becoming increasingly routine, particularly those which track a number of different cell lines through time. This time-course information provides valuable insight into t...

    Authors: Colin S Gillespie, Guiyuan Lei, Richard J Boys, Amanda Greenall and Darren J Wilkinson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:81

    Content type: Short Report

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  29. microRNAs (miRNA) are short, endogenous transcripts that negatively regulate the expression of specific mRNA targets. The relative abundance of miRNAs is linked to function in vivo and miRNA expression patterns a...

    Authors: Sachin Sah, Matthew N McCall, Deepa Eveleigh, Michael Wilson and Rafael A Irizarry

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:80

    Content type: Technical Note

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  30. Argininosuccinic aciduria (ASAuria) is an autosomal recessive disorder of the urea cycle relatively common in Saudi Arabia as a consequence of extensive consanguinity. It is the most common urea cycle disorder...

    Authors: Faiqa Imtiaz, Moeen Al-Sayed, Danyah Trabzuni, Bashair R Al-Mubarak, Osama Alsmadi, Mohamed S Rashed and Brian F Meyer

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:79

    Content type: Short Report

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  31. Accurate nationally representative statistics on total and cause-specific mortality in Vietnam are lacking due to incomplete capture in government reporting systems. This paper presents total and cause-specifi...

    Authors: Anh D Ngo, Chalapati Rao, Nguyen Phuong Hoa, Timothy Adair and Nguyen Thi Kim Chuc

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:78

    Content type: Technical Note

    Published on:

  32. The prevalence of cigarette smoking in Ukraine is different between genders and is among the highest in the world. There is need to identify gender-specific factors that are associated with having stopped smok...

    Authors: Alice Hazemba, Seter Siziya, Adamson S Muula and Emmanuel Rudatsikira

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:76

    Content type: Short Report

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  33. Transcriptome analysis during embryogenesis usually requires pooling of embryos to obtain sufficient RNA. Hence, the measured levels of gene-expression represent the average mRNA levels of pooled samples and t...

    Authors: Mark de Jong, Han Rauwerda, Oskar Bruning, Jurgo Verkooijen, Herman P Spaink and Timo M Breit

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:73

    Content type: Technical Note

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  34. Detection of Tuberculosis agent like nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) species by culture and microscopic methods remains difficult and time consuming. A fast and reliable diagnosis of tuberculosis would great...

    Authors: Mochammad Hatta, Andi Rofian Sultan, Nataniel Tandirogang, Masjudi and Yadi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:72

    Content type: Technical Note

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  35. To evaluate whether the volume of blood suctioned during vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (VABB) is associated with hematoma formation and progression, patient's age and histology of the lesion.

    Authors: Flora Zagouri, Theodoros N Sergentanis, Philip Domeyer, Dimosthenis Chrysikos, Georgia Giannakopoulou, Nikolaos V Michalopoulos, Panagiotis Safioleas, Ioannis Flessas, Effrosyni Panopoulou, Garifallia Bletsa and George C Zografos

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:70

    Content type: Short Report

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  36. In the last decade, the availability of gene sequences of many plant species, including tomato, has encouraged the development of strategies that do not rely on genetic transformation techniques (GMOs) for imp...

    Authors: Silvia Minoia, Angelo Petrozza, Olimpia D'Onofrio, Florence Piron, Giuseppina Mosca, Giovanni Sozio, Francesco Cellini, Abdelhafid Bendahmane and Filomena Carriero

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:69

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Marbling, defined by the amount and the distribution of intramuscular fat and measured as beef marbling score (BMS), is an economically important trait of beef cattle in Japan. We recently reported that a sing...

    Authors: Shin Sukegawa, Takeshi Miyake, Yoichi Takahagi, Hiroshi Murakami, Fumiki Morimatsu, Takahisa Yamada and Yoshiyuki Sasaki

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:66

    Content type: Short Report

    Published on:

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